November 21, 2005 Update

 

 

TOWNSHIP 18 SOUTH, RANGE 15 EAST, PIMA COUNTY, ARIZONA

Gila and Salt River Baseline and Meridian

 

 

Major Contributors and Sources of Information: William T. Kendall. Southwest Environmental Information Network (SEINet). Special Status Species Reports - Arizona Game and Fish Department, Heritage Data Management System. Jim Erickson, 1998, 2 Areas Near Santa Ritas Sought for Conservation, Park, the Arizona Daily Star, Tuesday, 17 November 1998. Paul R. Krausman and Michael L. Morrison, 2003, Wildlife Ecology and Management, Santa Rita Experimental Range (1903 to 2002), USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-30.2003 Pages 59 thru 67.

 

 

Species Distribution Lists are being developed to encourage and promote the conservation of local native animals and plants. They are developed for legally defined geographic areas, and larger bodies of water. They are provided to environmental consultants, property owners, and government agencies interested in promoting conservation. Listings include species reported as having been observed in or reported from the described area.

 

Due to continuing additions and corrections the listings should be considered a work in progress. Species once reported as having occurred within the described area, but that no longer occurs there are shown are having been EXTIRPATED. This list includes species that are not native to Arizona (EXOTIC). Exotic plants are not recommended for use in landscaping or restoration projects. Disjunct species, outliers and plants on the edge of the main population, as observed by the surveyor, are noted as being PERIPHERAL PLANT(S). Landscaped plants are not included in the listings unless they have become naturalized in the surrounding native environment.

 

Local native vegetation is recommended for use in landscaping and restoration projects. To determine what could be considered as local native vegetation look at both the project township and the eight contiguous townships for plants of similar habitat and elevation. Plants should be planted in their approximate original habitat and density. Use of native plants encourages native animals to remain in the area and helps to retain the areas natural beauty, unique identity and heritage.

 

Appreciation is expressed to the officers and staff of the Arizona Department of Agriculture, the Arizona Game and Fish Department, Pima County and local government offices for the protection provided to our native animals and plants.

 

Species Distribution Lists are periodically updated and revised. These listings have been created and maintained by William T. Kendall. Comments, the reporting of corrections, the reporting of unrecorded species in townships and the reporting of information relating to the historical distribution of species would be greatly appreciated, and may be sent by mail to: Kendall Environmental Surveys, P.O. Box 87967, Tucson, Arizona 85754-7967, or E-mail to: KendallEnvironmentalSurveys@msn.com.

 

 

DISCLAIMER: The information presented as township notes has been obtained from large scale mapping and should be used only as a general guide. Information used in these lists is accepted from biologists and individuals interested in helping to promote the conservation of our natural resources. Mistakes are made in the identification of species and in the recording of information, and changes in nomenclature occur. For these reasons I can not and do not warrant the accuracy of these listings.

 

 

CAUTION: Many native desert plants have sharp thorns and spines. Care should be given when handling them and consideration should be given to public safety at sites where they are to be planted.

 

 

 

This photograph was taken looking east toward the Santa Rita Mountains. WTK October 2005

 

A few of the plants reported from this township that might be useful in landscaping and restoration include Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina), Ocotillo (Fouquieria splendens), Blue Paloverde (Parkinsonia florida), Arizona Rosewood (Vauquelinia californica), Pungent Oak (Quercus pungens), Catclaw Acacia (Acacia greggii var. greggii), Mountain Yucca (Yucca schottii), Evergreen Sumac (Rhus virens var. choriophylla), Yellow Trumpetbush (Tecoma stans), Wild Cotton (Gossypium thurberi), Longleaf Joint-fir (Ephedra trifurca), Fishhook Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus wislizeni), Chain-fruit Cholla (Opuntia fulgida var. fulgida), Greythorn (Ziziphus obtusifolia var. canescens), Cane Cholla (Opuntia spinosior), Common Sotol (Dasylirion wheeleri), Desert Honeysuckle (Anisacanthus thurberi), Arizona Yucca (Yucca baccata var. brevifolia), Desert Ceanothus (Ceanothus greggii var. greggi), Bear Grass (Nolina microcarpa), Velvetpod Mimosa (Mimosa dysocarpa), Sandpaper Bush (Mortonia scabrella), Prairie Acacia (Acacia angustissima var. hirta), Desert Pricklypear Cactus (Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii), Palmer Agave (Agave palmeri), Vining Snapdragon (Maurandella antirrhiniflora), Spike Pappusgrass (Enneapogon desvauxii), Bullgrass (Muhlenbergia emersleyi), Plains Bristlegrass (Setaria vulpiseta), Sideoats Grama (Bouteloua curtipendula), White Brittlebush (Encelia farinosa), Arizona Cottontop (Digitaria californica), Tanglehead (Heteropogon contortus), Bush Muhly (Muhlenbergia porteri), Slender Janusia (Janusia gracilis), Coulter Hibiscus (Hibiscus coulteri), Fairy Duster (Calliandra eriophylla var. eriophylla), Mariola (Parthenium incanum), Arizona Star Leaf (Choisya dumosa var. arizonica), El Paso Skyrocket (Ipomopsis thurberi), Schott Agave (Agave schottii var. schottii), Rock Hibiscus (Hibiscus denudatus), Plains Blackfoot Daisy (Melampodium leucanthum), Bundle Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus fendleri var. fasciculatus), Fragrant Snakeroot (Ageratina herbacea), Bluedicks (Dichelostemma capitatum subsp. pauciflorum), Desert Marigold (Baileya multiradiata), Desert Zinnia (Zinnia acerosa), Summer Poppy (Kallstroemia grandiflora), Hillside Vervain (Verbena neomexicana var. xylopoda), Hairyseed Bahia (Bahia absinthifolia) and Graham Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria grahamii var. grahamii).

 

 

Township Notes

 

Location: This township is located in southeastern Pima County in south-central Arizona. Portions of the University of Arizona Santa Rita Experimental Range and Wildlife Area and the Coronado National Forest are located in this township. Named historic mine sites and communities include Helvetia and the Bulldozer Mine, Cooper World Mine, Copper Duke Mine, Curtice Mine, Heavy Weight Mine, Narragansett Mine, Old Dick Mine, Omega Mine and Tip Top Mine. Named dams include the Hanna Dam.

 

Landmarks: A portion of the Santa Rita Mountains is located in the eastern half of this township. Named buttes, passes and peaks include Gunsight Pass, Harts Butte, Huerfano Butte (4,002 feet), Peach Knob (4,718 feet) and Weigles Butte (6,284 feet). Named canyons included Sycamore Canyon and Wasp Canyon (cuts across the southeast corner). Named springs included Chavez Spring, Helvetia Spring, Ruelas Spring, Shamrod Spring, Sycamore Spring and Zachendorf Spring. Named washes include Box Canyon Wash. A portion of this township is located in the Santa Cruz Valley.

 

Elevation: Elevations range from approximately 3,135 feet at the northwest corner to approximately 6,290 feet at an unnamed peak located west northwest of the southeast corner (1).

 

Physiographic Province: Portions of this township are located within the Sonoran Desert and Mexican Highland Sections of the Basin and Range Physiographic Province (2).

 

Soil: Soils are described as thermic (hot) arid and semiarid soils (soils with mean annual temperatures of 59 degrees to 72 degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees to 22 degrees Centigrade) and 10 to 16 inches (25 to 41 cm) mean annual precipitation) of the Anthony-Sonoita Association (deep, arid soils on the alluvial fans and valley slopes), Continental-Sonoita-Tubac Association (deep, arid soils on uplands), White House-Bernardino-Caralampi Association (deep, semiarid soils on uplands) and the Rock Outcrop-Lampshire-Cellar Association (rock outcrops and very shallow, and shallow, semiarid soils of the mountains and foothills) and mesic (cool) subhumid soils (soils with mean annual soil temperatures of 47 degrees to 59 degrees Fahrenheit (8 degrees to 15 degrees Centigrade) and more than 16 inches (41 cm) mean annual precipitation) of the Rock Outcrop-Barkerville-Faraway Association (rock outcrop and very shallow and shallow subhumid soils of the mountains) (3).

 

Biotic Community: Portions of this township are located within the Scrub-Grassland (Semidesert Grassland) Regional Formation of the Grassland Formation and Madrean Evergreen Woodland of the Woodland Formation with associated Wetlands (4).

 

 

Maps created with TOPO! R C 2002 National Geographic

 

Map of Township Showing Adjacent Sections

 

 

The ARIZONA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY

http://aznps.org/

 

The ARIZONA NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY is a statewide nonprofit organization devoted to Arizona's native plants. Its mission is to promote knowledge, appreciation, conservation, and restoration of Arizona native plants and their habitats. They work with the Southwest Rare Plant Task Force to develop strategies for protecting rare species and their habitats; they keep abreast of conservation issues concerning native plants species and responds to those through their Conservation Committee; they promote the use of native species in residential and commercial landscapes; they publish the Plant Press, support the publication of scholarly works and maintains a website with information and links about native plant, and they host a series of statewide events that provide forums to learn from professionals. Member activities and benefits include chapter and statewide gatherings; field trips and educational presentations; conservation through education, outreach and restoration; habitat restoration projects; informative website, newsletters and journals, and interactions with plant experts and enthusiasts.

 

Contact: Arizona Native Plant Society, PO Box 41206, Tucson, Arizona 85717.

 

 

The DESERT SURVIVORS NATIVE PLANT NURSERY

http://www.desertsurvivors.org/nursery.asp

 

The DESERT SURVIVORS NATIVE PLANT NURSERY sells many local native plants and is willing to consider growing any native plant for which there is a buyer.

 

Contact: Desert Survivors Native Plant Nursery, 1020 West Starr Pass Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85713, 520-791-9309.

 

 

The TUCSON CACTUS AND SUCCULENT SOCIETY

http://www.tucsoncactus.org/

 

The TUCSON CACTUS AND SUCCULENT SOCIETY is a non-profit organization dedicated to educating, teaching and learning about cacti and succulent plants. Their monthly programs feature knowledgeable individuals who can educate you and help you understand more about these fascinating plants. They conduct and sponsor native cactus and succulent rescue operations, plant sales, field trips, nursery and garden visits, conventions and conferences as well as other activities throughout the year. 

 

NATIVE PLANT RESCUE NOTICE

(The Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society puts a tremendous amount of time and effort  into the

organizing and overseeing of their rescue events. The native plant rescues carried out by the dedicated

members of the Society provide an immeasurable service to our community.)

 

The TUCSON CACTUS AND SUCCULENT SOCIETY organizes native plant rescues in areas being cleared for development. If interested in rescuing plants and/or obtaining local native plants for your landscaping or restoration project join the Society and become a rescue crew member.

 

Contact: Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society, PO Box 64759, Tucson, Arizona 85728-4759, 520-885-6367.

 

 

 

LISTING OF PLANTS

 

 

Acanthaceae: The Acanthus Family

 

Anisacanthus thurberi (J. Torrey) A. Gray (5): Anisacanthus, Chuparosa, Colegayo, Desert Honeysuckle, Thurber Anisacanthus, Thurber’s Desert-honeysuckle (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 8 feet high) (6); within range reported from canyon bottoms and along washes and streambeds 2,500 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; this plant is browsed by wildlife; the flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds)

 

Agavaceae: The Century-plant Family

 

Agave palmeri G. Engelmann: Agave, Century Plant, Lechugilla, Mescal, Palmer Agave, Palmer’s Century Plant (terrestrial perennial evergreen succulent herb, subshrub or shrub (under 4 feet high with a flowering stem reaching to 24 feet in height); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, hills, bajadas and outcrops 3,500 to 7,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Agave schottii G. Engelmann var. schottii: Agave, Amole, Amolillo, Schott Agave, Schott’s Century Plant, Shin Dagger, Shin Digger (terrestrial perennial evergreen succulent herb, subshrub or shrub (under 2 feet high with a flowering stem reaching to 12 feet in height); within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, rock outcrops and bajadas 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Dasylirion wheeleri S. Watson: Cactus Spoon, Common Sotol, Desert Spoon, Sotol, Spoon Flower, Spoon Plant, Wheeler Dasylirion, Wheeler Sotol (terrestrial perennial evergreen subshrub or shrub (under 8 feet high with a flowering spike reaching to 15 feet in height); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas and rocky and gravelly hillsides 4,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; browsed by bighorn sheep)

 

Nolina microcarpa S. Watson: Bear Grass, Palmilla, Sacahuista, Small-seed Nolina, Sotol Chiquito (terrestrial perennial evergreen subshrub or shrub (under 7 feet high with a flowering spike reaching to 8 feet in height); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rock outcrops, hills, sandy and gravelly slopes, bajadas, plains, flats and valleys 3,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Yucca baccata J. Torrey var. brevifolia (H.W. Schott ex J. Torrey) L. Benson & R.A. Darrow (Yucca arizonica S.A. McKelvey, Yucca thornberi S.A. McKelvey): Arizona Yucca, Banana Yucca, Datil, Palma Criolla, Spanish Dagger, Thornber Yucca (terrestrial perennial evergreen herb, subshrub or shrub (under 7 feet high with a flowering stalk reaching to 5 feet in height); within range reported from mesas, canyons, slopes, hills, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes and arroyos 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Yucca schottii G. Engelmann: Hairy Yucca, Hoary Yucca, Mountain Yucca, Schott’s Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger (terrestrial perennial narrow-leaved evergreen herb, shrub or tree (6 to 18 feet high with a flowering stalk reaching to 2 feet or more in height); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, woodlands, grasslands, hillsides, bajadas and valleys 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Amaranthaceae: The Amaranth Family

 

Amaranthus fimbriatus (J. Torrey) G. Bentham ex S. Watson: Bledo, Fringed Amaranth, Fringed Pigweed, Quelite, Quelitillo, Toothed Amaranth (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, sandy flats and washes below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson: Bledo, Carelessweed, Palmer Amaranth, Palmer Pigweed, Pigweed, Red-root Pigweed, Quelite, Quiltite de las Aguas (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, roadsides, along washes, floodplains and disturbed areas below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Gomphrena caespitosa J. Torrey: Ball-clover, Tufted Ball Clover, Tufted Globe Amaranth (terrestrial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, passes, canyons, woodlands, foothills, hillsides, bajadas, meadows, plains, grasslands, gulches and riparian woodlands 3,500 to 6,200 feet elevation)

 

Gomphrena sonorae J. Torrey: Ball Clover, Globe Amaranth, Sonoran Globe Amaranth (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from bases of cliffs, rocky slopes, hills and plains 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Tidestromia lanuginosa (T. Nuttall) P.C. Standley: Espanta Vaqueras, Herba Lanuda, Hierba Ceniza, Honeysweet, Woolly Honeysweet, Woolly Tidestromia (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, flats, along washes, floodplains and disturbed areas below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Anacardiaceae: The Sumac Family

 

Rhus virens F.J. Lindheimer ex A. Gray var. choriophylla (E.O. Wooton & P.C. Standley) L. Benson, (Rhus choriophylla E.O. Wooton & P.C. Standley): Evergreen Sumac, Mearns Sumac, New Mexican Evergreen Sumac, Tough-leaved Sumac (terrestrial evergreen shrub or tree (to 15 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, hills and streambeds 4,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Apiaceae: The Carrot Family

(Umbelliferae: The Parsley Family)

 

Spermolepis echinata (T. Nuttall ex A.P. de Condolle) A.A. Heller: Beggar’s Lice, Bristly Scaleseed, Scaleseed (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides and along washes 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Lomatium nevadense (S. Watson) T. Coulter & J.N. Rose var. parishii (T. Coulter & J.N. Rose) W.L. Jepson: Parish’s Biscuitroot (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas and rocky slopes 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Apocynacaeae: The Dogbane Family

 

Macrosiphonia brachysiphon (J. Torrey) A. Gray: Huachuca Mountain Rocktrumpet (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mesas and slopes 4,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; showy white flowers, plant may be poisonous)

 

Asclepiadaceae: The Milkweed Family

 

Asclepias macrotis J. Torrey: Longhood Milkweed (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from limestone ridges 4,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Asclepias nyctaginifolia A. Gray: Four O’clock Milkweed, Hierba Lechosa, Mojave Milkweed (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, gravelly slopes, plains, along washes and disturbed areas 1,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Asteraceae: The Aster Family

(Compositae: The Sunflower Family)

 

Acourtia wrightii (A. Gray) J.L. Reveal & G. King (Perezia wrightii A. Gray): Brownfoot, Desert Holly, Perezia, Pink Perezia (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, foothills, gravelly bajadas and flats below 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ageratina herbacea (A. Gray) R.M. King & H.E. Robinson (Eupatorium herbaceum (A. Gray) E.L. Greene) Ageratina, Fragrant Snakeroot, Herbaceous Joepieweed: (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, ridgelines, forests, woodlands, rocky slopes, hillsides, among boulders and rocks, scrubs, riparian areas and around lakes 5,000 to 9,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, white flowers, plant is fragrant in drying)

 

Ambrosia confertiflora A.P. de Condolle (Franseria confertiflora (A.P. de Condolle) P.A. Rydberg): Altamisa de Playa, Bursage Ragweed, Estafiate, Field Ragweed, Slimleaf Bursage, Weakleaf Burr Ragweed, Weak-leaved Burweed (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, slopes, roadsides, washes, floodplains and disturbed areas 1,000 to 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Antheropeas lanosum (A. Gray) P.A. Rydberg (Eriophyllum lanosum (A. Gray) A. Gray): White Easterbonnets, Woolly Daisy, Woolly Eriophyllum (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas and gravelly and rocky flats 1,000 to 3,000 feet elevation)

 

Artemisia ludoviciana T. Nuttall: Louisiana Cudweed Sagewort, Gray Sagewort, Louisiana Sagewort, Louisiana Wormwood, Mugwort Wormwood, Prairie Sage, Sagewort, White Sage, White Sagebrush (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (2 to 4 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, valleys, gulches, along washes and streambeds and fence rows 2,500 to 8,500 feet elevation; often on limestone)

 

Bahia absinthifolia G. Bentham: Hairyseed Bahia (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes, bajadas and gravelly flats 2,500 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Baileya multiradiata W.H. Harvey & A. Gray ex A. Gray: Baileya del Desierto, Desert Baileya, Desert Marigold, Hierba Amarilla, Many-flowered Desert-marigold, Paper Daisy, Wild Marigold (terrestrial annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, bajadas, sandy and gravelly flats, roadsides and washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Bebbia sp.: Sweetbush

 

Bidens leptocephala E.E. Sherff: Fewflower Beggarticks (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, along streams and in shaded sandy soils 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Brickellia californica (J. Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray: Brickellbush, California Brickellbush, Pachaba (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 5 feet high); within range reported from canyons, cliffs, rocky slopes and flats and along washes 3,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Carphochaete bigelovii A. Gray: Bristlehead, Bigelow’s Bristlehead (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; browsed by deer)

 

Chaenactis macrantha D.C. Eaton: Bighead Dustymaiden, Bighead Pincushion, Large-flower Pincushion (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from ridges, below cliffs, talus slopes, plains, hills, bajadas, slopes, desertscrub, roadsides, along rivers and washes and sandy, gravelly and rocky soils 2,000 to 5,200 feet elevation)

 

Coreocarpus arizonicus (A. Gray) J. Blake: Arizona Coreocarpus, Little Lemonhead (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mountains, canyons, bases of cliffs, rocky slopes, woodlands, rich soil along streams, streambeds, around rocky pools and in muck and sandy soils 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Encelia farinosa A. Gray ex J. Torrey: Brittlebush, Button Brittlebush, Goldenhills, Hierba Cenisa, Hierba de Gusano, Hierba de las Animas, Hierba del Vaso, Incienso, Rama Blanca, White Brittlebush (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, flats and washes below 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Filago californica T. Nuttall: California Cottonrose, California Filago, California Fluffweed, Herba Impia (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, hills and along washes 500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Gutierrezia sarothrae (F.T. Pursh) N.L. Britton & H.H. Rusby: Broombrush, Broom Snakeweed, Broomweed, Cayaye, Hierba de la Vibora, Hierba de San Nicolas, Matchbrush, Matchweed, Perennial Broomweed, Perrenial Snakeweed, Resin-weed, Round-head Broomweed, Sheepweed, Stinkweed, Snakeweed, Turpentine Weed, Yellowtop, Yellow-weed, Yerba de San Nicholas (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, flats, roadsides and along washes 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Helianthus petiolaris T. Nuttall: Girasol, Narrowleaf Sunflower, Pikkuauringonkukka, Plains Sunflower, Prairie Sunflower, Sand Sunflower, Wild Sunflower (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from canyons, forests, hills, slopes, grasslands, dunes, sandy hummocks, plains, sandy flats, desertscrubs, roadsides, along washes, riverbeds, riparian areas, floodplains, gravelly clay, cinder and sandy soils and disturbed areas 500 to 7,500 feet)

 

Heliomeris longifolia (P.A. Robins & J.M. Greenman) T.D. Cockerell var. annua (M.E. Jones) L.G. Yates (Viguiera annua (M.E. Jones) J. Blake): Annual Goldeneye, Goldeneye, Longleaf False Goldeneye (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from hills, rocky hillsides, grasslands, plains and river bottoms 2,500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Heliomeris multiflora T. Nuttall var. multiflora (Viguiera multiflora (T. Nuttall) J. Blake): Golden-eye, Resin-weed, Showy Goldeneye, Many-flowered Viguiera (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 4 feet high); within range reported from mountains, forests, slopes, meadows, 4,500 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Heterotheca psammophila R. Wagenknecht (Heterotheca subaxillaris (J.B. de Lamarck) N.L. Britton & H.H. Rusby sensu T.H. Kearney & R.H. Peebles): Camphorweed, Golden Aster, Gordolobo, Telegraph Plant (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from roadsides, ditches, floodplains and disturbed areas 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Heterotheca viscida (A. Gray) H.A. Harms (Chrysopsis viscida (A. Gray) E.L. Greene): Cliff False Goldenaster (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, ledges and faces of cliffs, rocky hillsides, slopes, rocky outcrops, crevices, woodlands, scrubs, grasslands and sandy soils 5,000 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Hymenothrix wislizeni A. Gray: Golden Ragweed, TransPecos Thimblehead, Wislizenus Beeflower (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, washes and disturbed areas 2,500 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Isocoma coronopifolia (A. Gray) E.L. Greene: Burroweed, Common Goldenbush, Common Goldenweed, Goldenbush, Goldenweed (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mesas, bajadas, flats, grasslands, desertscrubs, roadsides, sandy soils and disturbed areas 1,700 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Isocoma tenuisecta E.L. Greene (Aplopappus tenuisectus (E.L. Greene) J. Blake, Haplopappus tenuisectus (E.L. Greene) J. Blake): Burroweed, Hierba del Burrow (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, roadsides, draws and disturbed areas 2,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Layia glandulosa (W.J. Hooker) W.J. Hooker & G.A. Arnott: Tidy Tips, Whitedaisy Tidytips, White Layia, White Tidytips (terrestrial native annual herb; within range reported from mesas, slopes and mesas below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Machaeranthera gracilis (T. Nuttall) L.H. Shinners (Haplopappus gracilis (T. Nuttall) A. Gray): Goldenweed, Slender Goldenweed, Yellow Daisy, Yellow Spiny Daisy (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, plains and washes below 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Malacothrix fendleri A. Gray: Desert Dandelion, Fendler’s Desertdandelion (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, hills, plains, flats, grassland, desertscrubs, roadsides, along washes,  riparian shrublands and sandy soils 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Melampodium leucanthum J. Torrey & A. Gray: Ash-gray Blackfoot, Blackfoot Daisy, Desert Daisy, Plains Blackfoot (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes and flats often on limestone 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Parthenium incanum K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth: Crowded Rayweed, Mariola (terrestrial perennial subshrub; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, plains and gravelly flats 2,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Pectis filipes W.H. Harvey & A. Gray: Fivebract Cinchweed (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, sandy plains and along streams 3,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum (A. Gray) A.A. Anderberg (Gnaphalium leucocephalum A. Gray): Gordolobo, White Cudweed (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, washes, streambeds and sandy soils 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; plants have an odor of lemon-verbena)

 

Sanvitalia abertii A. Gray: Abert’s Creeping Zinnia (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, slopes and along streams 4,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Thelesperma longipes A. Gray: Longstalk Greenthread, Rayless Greenthread (terrestrial annual herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, canyons, cliffs, rocky slopes, hills, hillsides, woodlands, rocky outcrops, scrubs, grasslands, rocky draws and limestone gravelly soils 4,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Thelesperma megapotamicum (C.P. Sprengel) C.E. Kuntze: Colorado Greenthread, Cota, Green Threads, Hopi Tea Greenthread (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, slopes, forests, ravines, woodlands, plains, grasslands, roadsides, riparian areas and gypsum soils 4,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Thymophylla pentachaeta (A.P. de Condolle) J.K. Small var. pentachaeta (Dyssodia pentachaeta (A.P. de Condolle) B.J Robinson): Common Dogweed, Dogweed, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Golden Dogweed, Golden Dyssodia, Parralena, Parvialena, Scale Glandbush, Thurber Dyssodia (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (under 1 foot high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, flats, roadsides and disturbed areas 2,500 to 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; larval food plant of the Dainty Sulfur)

 

Tithonia thurberi A. Gray: Arizona Sunflowerweed (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from along streams 3,000 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Trixis californica A. Kellogg: American Threefold, American Trixis, Arizona Green Plant, California Trixis (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, among boulders and rocks, flats and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Viguiera dentata (A.J. Cavanilles) C.P. Sprengel var. lancifolia J. Blake: Lanceleaf Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, canyons and canyon bottoms, rocky slopes, draws, along edges of arroyos, sandy washes, ditch banks 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Xanthium spinosum C. Linnaeus: Bathurst Burr, Cocklebur, Spiny Cocklebur, Spiny Cockleburr (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, forests, slopes, woodlands, scrubs, grasslands, flats, roadsides, along washes and streams, around tanks, bottomlands and disturbed areas 3,070 to 6,200 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; if ingested the spiny burs may cause the death of young animals)

 

Zinnia acerosa (A.P. de Condolle) A. Gray (Zinnia pumila A. Gray): Desert Zinnia, Spinyleaf Zinnia, White Zinnia, Wild Zinnia (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (under 1 foot high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and floodplains 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Bignoniaceae: The Trumpet-creeper Family

 

Tecoma stans (C. Linnaeus) A.L. de Jussieu ex K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth: Esperanza, Flor de San Pedro, Gloria, Lluvia de Oro, Minona, Minones, Palo del Arco, Retama, Trompetilla, Tronadora, Yellow Bells, Yellow Elder, Yellow Trumpet, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpet Flower (terrestrial perennial evergreen (drops leaves following frost) shrub or tree, sometimes a liana (6 to 25 feet high); within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, among boulders,  steep drainages, grasslands, flats, desertscrubs, along washes and floodplains 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; browsed by Bighorn Sheep and other animals)

 

Boraginaceae: The Borage Family

 

Cryptantha decipiens (M.E. Jones) A.A. Heller: Forget-Me-Not, Gravel Cryptantha, Gravelbar Cryptantha, Gravel Nievitas, Peluda (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from roadsides, along sandy washes and disturbed areas 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Hackelia ursina (E.L. Greene) I.M. Johnston: Chihuahuan Stickseed (terrestrial biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyon bottoms, slopes, woodlands, scrubs, washes and streambeds 5,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Pectocarya platycarpa P.A. Munz & I.M. Johnston: Broadfruit Combseed, Broadnut Combbur, Broad-nutted Combbur, Broad-wing Comb-bur (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, gravelly flats and disturbed areas below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Pectocarya recurvata I.M. Johnston: Arched Bomb-bur, Archnut Combbur, Arch-nutted Combbur, Curvenut Combseed (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, flats and disturbed areas below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Plagiobothrys pringlei E.L. Greene: Pringle Popcorn-flower, Pringle’s Popcornflower (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mountainsides, mesas, woodlands, rocky hillsides, rocky and gravelly slopes, chaparral, muddy and sandy flats, grasslands, desertscrubs, roadsides, along washes and streams, floodplains  and moist and sandy soils 1,200  to 4,800 feet elevation)

 

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): The Mustard Family

 

Descurainia pinnata (T. Walter) N.L. Britton: Green Tansy Mustard, Pamita, Pinnate Tansy Mustard, Sirolitutilli, Tansy Mustard, Western Tansymustard, Yellow Tansy Mustard (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats, along washes and floodplains below 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Lepidium lasiocarpum T. Nuttall: Hairypod Pepperweed, Sand Peppergrass, Shaggyfruit Pepperweed (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly flats, along washes, floodplains and disturbed sites below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Lesquerella gordonii (A. Gray) S. Watson: Arizona Bladderpod Mustard, Beanpod, Bladderpod Mustard, Gordon’s Bladderpod, Yellow Bladderpod (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, rocky and gravelly flats, along washes and floodplains below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Lesquerella purpurea (A. Gray) S. Watson: Purple Bladderpod, Rose Bladderpod, White Bladderpod (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and along washes 1,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Streptanthus carinatus C. Wright ex A. Gray: Lyreleaf Jewelflower, Lyreleaf Twistflower, Lyre-leaved Twistflower, Silver Bells (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes 1,500 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Thlaspi montanum C. Linnaeus var. fendleri (A. Gray) P.K. Holmgren (Thlaspi fendleri A. Gray): Fendler’s Pennycress, Wild Candytuft (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, forests, woodlands and streambeds 4,000 to 12,000 feet elevation)

 

Cactaceae: The Cactus Family

 

Coryphantha scheeri (F. Müehlenpfordt) L. Benson var. robustispina (H.W. Schott) L. Benson (Mammillaria robustispina H.W. Schott ex G. Engelmann): Longtubercle Beehive Cactus, Devil’s Pincushion, Pima Pineapple Cactus, Scheer’s Strong-spined Cory Cactus, Stout-needled Cory Cactus, Stout-needled Mulee Pineapple (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (under 1 foot high); within range reported from mesas, ridges, bajadas, slopes and flats)

 

Echinocereus fendleri (G. Engelmann) F. Seitz var. fasciculatus (G. Engelmann ex B.D. Jackson) N.P. Taylor (Echinocereus fasciculatus (G. Engelmann ex B.D. Jackson) L. Benson, Echinocereus fendleri (G. Engelmann) K.T. Rümpler var. robustus (R.H. Peebles) L. Benson, Mammillaria fasciculata G. Engelmann ex B.D. Jackson): Bundle Hedgehog Cactus, Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus, Robust Hedgehog Cactus (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (under 2 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes 2,000 to 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ferocactus wislizeni (G. Engelmann) N.L. Britton & J.N. Rose: Arizona Barrel Cactus, Barrel Cactus, Bisnaga, Biznaga, Biznaga de Agua, Biznagre, Candy Barrelcactus, Compass Barrel, Compass Plant, Fishhook Barrel Cactus, Southwest Barrel Cactus, Southwestern Barrel Cactus, Visnaga, Wislizenus Barrel, Yellow-spined Barrel Cactus (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 11 feet high); within range reported from canyon walls, rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats and along washes and arroyos below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Mammillaria grahamii G. Engelmann var. grahamii (Mammillaria microcarpa G. Engelmann): Arizona Fishhook Cabeza de Viejo Cekida, Cactus, Biznaguita, Fishhook Cactus, Graham Fishhook, Graham’s Nipple Cactus, Graham Pincushion Cactus, Lizard Catcher (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (under 6 inches high); within range reported from rocky slopes, rock outcrops, rocky hillsides, boulder crevices, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia chlorotica G. Engelmann & J. Bigelow: Dollarjoint Pricklypear, Nopal, Nopal Rastrera, Pancake Pear, Pancake Prickly-pear, Silver-dollar Cactus, Smooth Clock-face Pricklypear (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 6 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, ledges, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas, hills, flats and valleys 2,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia engelmannii J.F. Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck var. engelmannii (Opuntia phaeacantha G. Engelmann var. discata (D. Griffiths) L. Benson & D.L. Walkington): Abrojo, Cactus Apple, Desert Pricklypear Cactus, Engelmann Pricklypear, Flaming Pricklypear, Joconostle, Nopal, Prickly Pear, Vela de Coyote (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 4 feet high); within range reported from canyon bottoms, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas, slopes, benches, rocky and gravelly flats, valleys, and along washes, gullies and arroyos 1,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; provides cover for many desert animals)

 

Opuntia fulgida G. Engelmann var. fulgida: Chain Cholla, Chain-fruit Cholla, Cholla, Cholla Brincadora, Choya, Jumping Cholla, Sonora Jumping Cholla, Velas de Ccoyote (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 15 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes below 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia fulgida G. Engelmann var. mammillata (H.W. Schott ex G. Engelmann) T. Coulter: Cholla Brincadora, Cholla, Jumping Cholla, Smooth Chain-fruit Cholla, Velas de Coyote (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 15 feet high); within range reported from hills, bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes below 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia phaeacantha G. Engelmann var. major G. Engelmann: Abrojo, Joconostle, Major Pricklypear, Mojave Pricklypear, Nopal, Sprawling Prickly Pear, Vela de Coyote, Yellow Pricklypear (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 5 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, flats and valleys in sandy, gravelly or rocky soils 1,000 to 7,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; provides cover for many desert animals)

 

Opuntia spinosior (G. Engelmann) J.W. Toumey: Cane Cholla, Cardenche, Handgrip Cholla, Spiny Cholla, Tasajo, Walkingstick Cactus, Walking Stick Cholla (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 10 feet high); within range reported from mountainsides, canyons, hills, bajadas, gravelly flats, valleys, along washes and arroyos and floodplains 1,000 to 5,000+ feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Caryophyllaceae: The Pink Family

 

Arenaria lanuginosa (A. Michaux) P. Rohrbach subsp. saxosa (A. Gray) B. Maguire: Sandwort, Spreading Sandwort (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, roadsides, springs, gulches and disturbed areas 7,000 to 12,000 feet elevation)

 

Celastraceae: The Bittersweet Family

(Canotiaceae: The Canotia Family)

 

Mortonia scabrella A. Gray: Rio Grande Saddlebush, Sandpaper Bush (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 4 feet high); within range reported from mesas, ledges, rocky and gravelly slopes, limestone slopes and outcrops, terraces and plains 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Mortonia utahensis (F.V. Coville ex A. Gray) A. Nelson (Mortonia scabrella A. Gray var. utahensis F.V. Coville ex A. Gray); Utah Mortonia (terrestrial perennial shrub; within range reported from 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; this plant, reported from Helvetia, is generally found in northern Arizona, southeastern California and southwestern Utah)

 

Chenopodiaceae: The Goosefoot Family

 

Chenopodium album C. Linnaeus: Baconweed, Chou Grass, Common Lambsquarters, Farinello Comune, Fathen, Fat Hen, Forst Bite, Lambsquarters, Mealweed, Netseed Lambsquarters, Pigweed, Pitseed Goosefoot, White Goosefoot, White Pigweed, Wild Spinach (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from disturbed areas below 9,500 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Commelinaceae: The Spiderwort Family

 

Tradescantia occidentalis (N.L. Britton) B.B. Smyth: Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, rocky slopes, clearings in forests, hillsides, grasslands, desertscrubs, among boulders, springs, arroyos, creek banks and  riparian areas 2,500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Tradescantia pinetorum E.L. Greene: Pine Spiderwort, Pinewoods Spiderwort (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, hillsides, rocky outcrops, rocky crevices, meadows, woodlands, among rocks, along creeks and streams 4,500 to 9,500 feet elevation; violet or purple flowers)

 

Convolvulaceae: The Morning-glory Family

 

Evolvulus arizonicus A. Gray: Arizona Blue-eyes, Evolvulus, Wild Dwarf Morning-glory, Wild Morning-glory (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, flats and along washes 3,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ipomoea sp.: Morning-glory

 

Ipomoea ternifolia A.J. Cavanilles var. leptotoma (J. Torrey) J.A. McDonald (Ipomoea leptotoma J. Torrey): Bird’s Foot Morning-glory, Tripleleaf Morning-glory (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, flats and washes 3,000 to 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Cucurbitaceae: The Cucumber Family

 

Apodanthera undulata A. Gray: Melon Loco (terrestrial perennial herb or creeping vine (to 10 feet long); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, plains, gravelly flats, roadsides and washes 1,500 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Cyperaceae: The Sedge Family

 

Cyperus mutisii (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) A.H. Grisebach (Cyperus pringlei N.L. Britton): Mutis’ Flatsedge (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes and streambeds 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Dryopteridaceae: The Wood Fern Family

 

Woodsia neomexicana M.D. Windham (Woodsia mexicana A.L. Fée:): Mexican Cliff Fern, New Mexico Cliff Fern (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, crevices in cliffs, rocky slopes, recesses under boulders and bases of rocks 3,500 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Ephedraceae: The Mormon-tea Family

 

Ephedra trifurca J. Torrey ex S. Watson: Canatilla, Canitilla, Desert Ephedra, Desert Joint-fir, Itama Real, Longleaf Ephedra, Longleaf Joint-fir, Mexican Tea, Mormon Tea, Popotilla, Popotillo, Tepopote, Teposote (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 15 feet high); within range reported from mesas, gravelly slopes, bajadas, plains, flats, sand hills, dunes, and along sandy washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Euphorbiaceae: The Spurge Family

 

Argythamnia neomexicana J. Müller Argoviensis (Ditaxis neomexicana (J. Müller Argoviensis) F.X. Heller): Ditaxis, New Mexico Ditaxis, New Mexico Silverbush, New Mexico Wild Mercury (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes 1,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Chamaesyce florida (G. Engelmann) C.F. Millspaugh (Euphorbia florida G. Engelmann): Chiricahua Mountain Sandmat, Florida Spurge, Spurge (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats and along sandy washes 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Croton pottsii (J.F. Klotzsch) J. Müller Argoviensis var. pottsii (Croton corymbulosus G. Engelmann): Leatherweed, Leather Weed Croton (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from rocky slopes 2,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Manihot angustiloba (J. Torrey) J. Müller Argoviensis; Desertmountain Manihot, Narrow-leaf Cassava, Narrow-leaved Cassava (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, grasslands and desertscrubs 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Fabaceae (Leguminosae): The Pea Family

 

Acacia angustissima (P. Miller) C.E. Kuntze var. hirta (T. Nuttall) C.A. Robbins: Barbus de Chivo, Cantemo, Fern Acacia, Guajillo, Palo de Pulque, Prairie Acacia, Siraku K’amataraku, Timbe, Timben, Timbre, Whiteball Acacia (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 4 feet high); within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes and washes 3,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Acacia greggii A. Gray var. greggii (Acacia greggii A. Gray, Acacia greggii A. Gray var. arizonica P.T. Isley): Algarroba, Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Devil’s Claw, Gatuno, Gregg Catclaw, Tear Blanket, Tepame, Tesota, Una de Gato (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 23 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, floodplains and along sandy washes and streams below 4,500 feet elevation: useful as an ornamental)

 

Acacia millefolia S. Watson; Milfoil Wattle, Santa Rita Acacia (terrestrial perennial shrub or tree (to 10 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and ridges 3,500 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Astragalus arizonicus A. Gray: Arizona Milkvetch (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes, plains and disturbed areas below 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Astragalus nothoxys A. Gray: Crazyweed, Halfmoon Locoweed, Loco; Locoweed, Poisonvetch, Rattleweed, Sheep Loco, Sheep Milkvetch (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, slopes and plains 1,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Astragalus nuttallianus A.P. de Condolle var. imperfectus (P.A. Rydberg) R.C. Barneby: Locoweed, Nuttall Locoweed, Nuttall Milkvetch, Smallflowered Milkvetch, Turkeypeas (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas and gravelly flats below 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Calliandra eriophylla G. Bentham var. eriophylla: Cabelleto de Angel, Cabeza Angel, Fairyduster, False Mesquite, False Mesquite Calliandra, Guajillo, Hairy-leaved Calliandra, Huajillo, Mesquitilla (terrestrial perennial deciduous subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; browsed by wildlife.)

 

Chamaecrista nictitans (C. Linnaeus) C. Moench: Partridge Pea (terrestrial annual or perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, canyons and canyon bottoms, ridges, woodlands, scrubs, hillsides, slopes, grasslands, bajadas riverbanks, riparian areas and sandy soils 3,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Dalea candida A. Michaux ex C.L. von Wildenow var. oligophylla (J. Torrey) L.H. Shinners (Petalostemum candidum A. Michaux var. oligophyllum (J. Torrey) F.J. Hermann): White Prairie Clover (terrestrial herb, subshrub or shrub (1 to 2 feet high); within range reported from mountains, mesas, meadows, plains, roadsides and arroyos 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Dalea formosa J. Torrey: Feather Dalea, Feather Peabush, Featherplume, Feather Plume, Indigo Bush, Pea Bush (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mountains, rocky and gravelly slopes, woodlands, hills and rocky hillsides, grasslands, plains and desertscrubs 2,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; browsed by deer)

 

Dalea pringlei A. Gray: Pringle Indigo Bush, Pringle’s Prairie Clover (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mountains, rocky slopes, hills, sandy banks and disturbed areas 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Desmodium batocaulon A. Gray: Beggar’s ticks, Bushy Tick Clover, San Pedro Ticktrefoil, Sticktights (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from forests and roadsides 3,500 to 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Galactia wrightii A. Gray: Cliff Bean, Wright’s Milkpea (terrestrial perennial herb, vine or subshrub; within range reported from rocky slopes and along washes 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Hoffmannseggia glauca (C.G. de Ortega) I.J. Eifert (Hoffmanseggia densiflora G. Bentham): Camote de Raton, Hog Potato, Indian Rushpea, Pignut, Sicklepod Rushpea (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from flats, sandy roadsides and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; roots provide food for many animals)

 

Lotus greenei A.M. Ottley ex T.H. Kearney & R.H. Peebles: Greene’s Bird’s-foot Trefoil (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, canyons, rocky hillsides, slopes, woodlands, foothills, grasslands, draws, gulches, roadsides, along streambeds, floodplains, riparian areas and woodlands and disturbed areas 3,000 to 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Lotus plebeius (A. Brand) R.C. Barneby (Lotus oroboides (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) A.M. Ottley): New Mexico Bird’s-foot Trefoil (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains and gravelly slopes 5,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Lupinus concinnus J.G. Agardh subsp. concinnus: Annual Lupine, Bajada Lupine, Bluebonnet, Elegant Lupine, Lupine, Scarlet Lupine (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Lupinus sparsiflorus G. Bentham subsp. mojavensis Dziekanowski & D.B. Dunn: Mojave Lupine (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, foothills, bajadas, flats, roadsides and along washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Lupinus sparsiflorus G. Bentham subsp. sparsiflorus (Lupinus sparsiflorus G. Bentham var. sparsiflorus): Arizona Lupine, Coulter Lupine, Desert Lupine, Mojave Lupine (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, foothills, bajadas, flats, roadsides and along washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Mimosa aculeaticarpa C.G. de Ortega var. biuncifera (G. Bentham) R.C. Barneby (Mimosa biuncifera G. Bentham): Cat Claw, Catclaw Mimosa, Garruno, Gatuno, Una de Gato, Wait-a-bit, Wait-a-minute, Wait-a-Minute Bush (terrestrial perennial shrub or small tree (to 8 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, hillsides, gravelly flats and along washes 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; provides cover for wildlife and forage for Whitetail Deer; reportedly useful in controlling erosion)

 

Mimosa dysocarpa G. Bentham (Mimosa dysocarpa G. Bentham var. wrightii (A. Gray) T.H. Kearney & R.H. Peebles): Velvetpod Mimosa (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 7 feet high); within range reported from hillsides, gentle slopes and along arroyos and washes 3,500 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental with very attractive spikes of purplish-pink flowers)

 

Parkinsonia florida (G. Bentham ex A. Gray) S. Watson (Cercidium floridum G. Bentham): Blue Paloverde, Paloverde (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 30 feet high); within range reported from canyons, hills, bajadas, slopes, flats, roadsides, floodplains and along sandy washes below 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental with a very showy display of yellow flowers in the spring; twigs and seed pods are browsed by wildlife, seeds are eaten by birds and rodents; useful in controlling erosion)

 

Prosopis velutina E.O. Wooton (Prosopis juliflora (O. Swartz) A.P. de Condolle var. velutina (E.O. Wooton) C.S. Sargent): Algarroba, Chachaca, Mesquite, Mezquite, Velvet Mesquite (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (20 to 50 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, bajadas, slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, along washes and streams and floodplains below 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; provides food and shelter for many species of wildlife)

 

Psoralidium tenuiflorum (F.T. Pursh) P.A. Rydberg (Psoralea tenuiflora F.T. Pursh): Slimflower Scurfpea (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, forests and plains 4,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Fagaceae: The Beech Family

 

Quercus emoryi J. Torrey: Blackjack Oak, Black Oak, Bellota, Emory Oak (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or tree (to 50 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons and canyon bottoms, ridges, slopes, woodlands and foothills 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; the acorns “bellotas” are eaten by wildlife and the leaves are browsed by deer)

 

Quercus pungens F.M. Liebmann: Pungent Oak, Sandpaper Oak , Scrub Oak, Shin Oak (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or tree (to 20 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, hills, hillsides, slopes, scrubs, grasslands and desertscrubs 4,000 to 5,400 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Fouquieriaceae: The Ocotillo Family

 

Fouquieria splendens G. Engelmann: Albarda, Barda, Candle Bush, Candle Wood, Coach Whip, Flamingsword, Jacob’s Staff, Monkey-tail, Ocotillo, Ocotillo del Corral, Slimwood, Vine Cactus (terrestrial perennial shrub (7 to 33 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains and gravelly flats below 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; a preferred food plant of Costa’s Hummingbird)

 

Garryaceae: The Silktassel Family

 

Garrya wrightii J. Torrey: Coffeeberry-bush, Feverbush, Grayleaf Dogwood, Quinine-bush, Wright’s Silktassel (terrestrial perennial shrub (to15 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, woodlands, scrubs and grasslands 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; plants are browsed by deer and Bighorn Sheep)

 

Hydrangeaceae: The Hydrangea Family

 

Fendlera wrightii (A. Gray) F.X. Heller (Fendlera rupicola A. Gray var. wrightii A. Gray): Wright’s Fendlerbush (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 6 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky ledges, rocky and gravelly slopes, rocky hillsides, woodlands and rocky soils 2,300 to 6,600 feet elevation; browsed by deer and Bighorn Sheep; useful as an ornamental)

 

Hydrophyllaceae: The Waterleaf Family

 

Eucrypta micrantha (J. Torrey) A.A. Heller: Dainty Desert Hideseed, Peluda, Smallflower Eucrypta, Small-flowered Eucrypta (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes and gravelly flats below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Phacelia affinis A. Gray: Limestone Phacelia, Limestone Scorpion-weed, Purple Bell Phacelia, Purple Bell (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, along washes and streams and seeps 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Phacelia arizonica A. Gray: Arizona Phacelia, Arizona Scorpion-weed (terrestrial winter annual or perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, plains and flats 1,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae): The Mint Family

 

Hedeoma dentata J. Torrey: Dentate False Pennyroyal, Mock-pennyroyal (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes 4,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Hedeoma hyssopifolia A. Gray: Aromatic False Pennyroyal, Sweet Sent (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, slopes and forests 5,000 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Salvia columbariae G. Bentham var. columbariae: California Sage, Chia (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along sandy washes below 3,500 feet elevation)

 

Liliaceae: The Lily Family

 

Allium macropetalum P.A. Rydberg: Arizona Onion, Cebollin, Desert Onion, Largeflower Onion, Large-petal Onion, Wild Onion (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas and gravelly flats 1,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Dichelostemma capitatum (G. Bentham) W. Wood subsp. pauciflorum (J. Torrey) G. Keator (Dichelostemma pulchellum (R.A. Salisbury) A.A. Heller var. pauciflorum (J. Torrey) R.F. Hoover): Bluedicks, Brodiaea, Covena, Coveria, Desert Hyacinth, Few-flowered Covena, Grass Nuts, Papago Lily, Purplehead, Wild Hyacinth terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas and gravelly flats below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Milla biflora A.J. Cavanilles.: Mexican Star (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountainsides, canyons, forests, rocky slopes, ridges, rocky hillsides, woodlands, grasslands, desertscrubs, floodplains and rocky soils 3,900 to 8,700 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Linaceae: The Flax Family

 

Linum puberulum (G. Engelmann) A.A. Heller: Desert Flax, Plains Flax, Yellow flax (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, desertscrubs and flats 2,000 to 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Loasaceae: Blazingstar Family

 

Mentzelia affinis E.L. Greene: Blazing Star, Pega Pega, Stickleaf, Triangle-seed, Yellowcomet (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, roadsides and along washes 1,500 to 2,500 feet elevation)

 

Mentzelia asperula E.O. Wooton & P.C. Standley: Organ Mountain Blazingstar (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, slopes and woodlands 4,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Mentzelia multiflora (T. Nuttall) A. Gray: Adonis Blazingstar, Adonis Stickleaf, Blazingstar, Desert Blazingstar, Desert Mentzelia, Manyflowered Mentzelia (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, desertscrubs, sand dunes and sandy and gravelly soils 600 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Malpighiaceae: The Barbados-cherry Family

 

Janusia gracilis A. Gray: Desert Vine, Fermina, Slender Janusia (terrestrial perennial vine or woody climber; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas and gravelly flats; useful as an ornamental 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Malvaceae: The Mallow Family

 

Abutilon sp.: Indian Mallow

 

Abutilon parvulum A. Gray: Indian Mallow, Dwarf Indian Mallow, Small Leaf Indian Mallow (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from rocky slopes, plains and gravelly flats 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Gossypium thurberi A. Todaro: Algodoncillo, Desert Cotton, Thurber’s Cotton, Thurberia, Wild Cotton, Wild Desert Cotton (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (3 to 12 feet high); within range reported from canyons, gravelly and rocky slopes and along washes, streambeds and ditches 2,500 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Hibiscus coulteri W.H. Harvey ex A. Gray: Coulter Hibiscus, Desert Rosemallow, Pelotazo (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and gravelly bajadas 1,500 to 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Hibiscus denudatus G. Bentham: Naked Hibiscus, Paleface, Pale Face Mallow, Paleface Rosemallow, Rock Hibiscus (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, hills, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and washes below 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Sida abutifolia P. Miller (Sida filicaulis J. Torrey & A. Gray, Sida procumbens E.J. Schwartz): Spreading Fanpetals, Spreading Sida (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, plains and gravelly and sandy flats 2,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Sphaeralcea sp.: Globemallow

 

Nyctaginaceae: The Four-o’clock Family

 

Allionia incarnata C. Linnaeus var. villosa (P.C. Standley) B.L. Turner: Guapile, Trailing Allionia, Trailing Four O’Clock, Trailing Windmills (terrestrial annual or perennial herb or vine; within range reported from below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Boerhavia coccinea P. Miller: Indian Boerhaavia, Red Spiderling, Scarlet Spiderling, Wine Flower (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, flats and along washes below 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Boerhavia megaptera P.C. Standley: Tucson Mountain Spiderling, Winged Spiderling (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes and along washes 2,500 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Boerhavia scandens C. Linnaeus (Commicarpus scandens (C. Linnaeus) P.C. Standley): Bush Spiderling, Climbing Wartclub, Miona, Pega-polla (terrestrial perennial subshrub or vine; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, flats and along washes 2,000 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Boerhavia spicata J.D. Choisy: Creeping Spiderling, Mochi (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, flats, roadsides and along washes and streambeds 1,500 to 2,500 feet elevation)

 

Onagraceae: The Evening-primrose Family

 

Camissonia claviformis (J. Torrey & J.C. Frémont) J.E. Raven subsp. peeblesii (P.A. Munz) J.E. Raven (Oenothera clavaeformis J. Torrey & J.C. Frémont var. peeblesii P.A. Munz): Peebles’ Browneyes (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from desert mountains, rocky hillsides, desertscrubs, flats, along washes, riparian areas,  sandy soils and disturbed areas below 3,500 feet elevation)

 

Papaveraceae: The Poppy Family

 

Argemone gracilenta E.L. Greene: Cardo, Crested Pricklepoppy, Crested Prickly Poppy, Prickly Poppy, Sonoran Pricklypoppy (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from roadsides and disturbed areas)

 

Poaceae (Gramineae): The Grass Family

 

Aristida adscensionis C. Linnaeus: Sixweeks Threeawn, Six-weeks Three-awn Grass, Zacate Cola de Zorra, Zacate Tres Barbas (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from mesas, plateaus, canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, flats, roadsides, along washes and streams and disturbed areas below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Aristida californica G. Thurber ex S. Watson var. glabrata G. Vasey (Aristida glabrata (G. Vasey) A.S. Hitchcock): Santa Rita Threeawn (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, mesas, foothills, bajadas, slopes, gravelly flats, desertscrubs, along washes, floodplains and gravelly and sandy soils 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Aristida purpurea T. Nuttall var. nealleyi (G. Vasey) K.W. Allred (Aristida glauca (C.G. Nees von Esenbeck) W.G. Walpers, Aristida purpurea T. Nuttall var. glauca (C.G. Nees von Esenbeck) A. Holmgren & N. Holmgren): Blue Threeawn, Nealley Three-awn, Reverchon Threeawn, Tres Barbas, Tres Barbas Purpurea (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, plains, flats and roadsides 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Aristida schiedeana C.B. von Trinius & F.J. Ruprecht var. orcuttiana (G. Vasey) K.W. Allred & J. Valdés-Reyna (Aristida laxa A.J. Cavanilles, Aristida orcuttiana G. Vasey): Beggartick Grass, Orcutt’s Threeawn, Singleawn Aristida (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyon bottoms, slopes, among boulders, draws, roadsides and disturbed areas 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Aristida ternipes A.J. Cavanilles: Spidergrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, plateaus, rocky and gravelly slopes, hills, gravelly and sandy bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides and disturbed areas below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Bouteloua chondrosioides (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) G. Bentham ex S. Watson: Harvard Grama, Sprucetop Grama, Woolly-spiked Grama (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes and rocky flats 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Bouteloua curtipendula (A. Michaux) J. Torrey: Navajita Banderilla, Sideoats Grama (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes and hills 1,800 to 7,000 feet elevation; larval food plant for the Orange Skipperling (Copaeodes aurantiacus), useful as an ornamental)

 

Bouteloua eludens D. Griffiths: Santa Rita Grama, Santa Rita Mountain Grama (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, woodlands, rocky slopes, ridges, rocky and gravelly hills, grasslands, gulches, along washes and sandy soils 3,800 to 5,300 feet elevation)

 

Bouteloua eriopoda (J. Torrey) J. Torrey: Black Grama, Woollyfoot Grama (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, plateaus, canyons, rocky slopes and hills 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Bouteloua hirsuta M. Lagasca y Segura: Hairy Grama (terrestrial perennial grass; within range reported from sandy mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes and rocky hills 1,000 to 6,500 feet elevation)

Bouteloua parryi (E.P. Fournier) D. Griffiths: Parry’s Grama (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky hills and grasslands 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Bouteloua parryi (E.P. Fournier) D. Griffiths: Parry’s Grama (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky hills and grasslands 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Bouteloua repens (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) F.L. Scribner & E.D. Merrill (Bouteloua filiformis (E.P. Fournier) D. Griffiths): Navajta Rastrera, Large Mesquite Grama, Slender Grama, Zacate Sabanilla (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, foothills, flats, roadsides and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Bouteloua rothrockii G. Vasey (Bouteloua barbata M. Lagasca y Segura var. rothrockii (G. Vasey) F.W. Gould): Navajita Liebrero, Rothrock’s Grama (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, hills, sandy bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Chloris virgata O. Swartz: Cola de Zorra, Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris, Zacate Lagunero (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, washes, damp soil of streambeds, ditches, swales, waste places and disturbed land below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Digitaria californica (G. Bentham) J.S. Henrickson (Trichachne californica (G. Bentham) M.A. Chase): Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, Cotton-top, Zacate Punta Blanca (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes and gravelly flats 1,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Enneapogon desvauxii A.M. Palisot de Beauvois: Feather Pappusgrass, Nineawn Pappusgrass, Spike Pappusgrass, Wright Pappusgrass, Zacate Ladera, Zacate Lobero (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, hills, gravelly bajadas, plains and gravelly flats 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Eragrostis barrelieri J.A. Daveau: Mediterranean Lovegrass (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from roadsides and disturbed areas. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Eragrostis cilianensis (C. Allioni) F. Vignolo-Lutati ex E.E. Janchen: Candygrass, Lovegrass, Stinkgrass, Stinking Lovegrass, Strong-scented Lovegrass, Zacate Apestoso (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, sandy flats, roadsides, gravelly soils along trails, along washes, damp soil in streambeds, bottomlands and disturbed areas below 6,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Eragrostis intermedia A.S. Hitchcock: Plains Lovegrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, hills, plains and flats 3,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Eragrostis lehmanniana C.G. Nees von Esenbeck: Lehmann Lovegrass, Zacate Africano, Zacate de Amor (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides, along sandy washes and disturbed areas. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Eragrostis pectinacea (A. Michaux) C.G. Nees von Esenbeck ex E.G. von Steudel var. miserrima (E.P. Fournier) J.R. Reeder (Eragrostis arida A.S. Hitchock): Desert Lovegrass (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, forests, rocky slopes, woodlands, desertscrubs, valleys, mesquite bosques, waste places and rocky and sandy soils 1,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Eragrostis pectinacea (A. Michaux) C.G. Nees von Esenbeck ex E.G. von Steudel var. pectinacea: Carolina Lovegrass, Purple Lovegrass, Spreading Lovegrass, Tufted Lovegrass (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, soil pockets on rock outcrops, woodlands, foothills, grasslands, flats, desertscrubs, valleys, springs, arroyos, along washes, damp soil in streambeds, playas, floodplains, riparian forests, sandy and moist soils, waste places and disturbed areas 600 to 5,700 feet elevation)

 

Eriochloa acuminata (J.S. Presl): K.S. Kunth var. acuminata (Eriochloa gracilis (E.P. Fournier) A.S. Hitchcock, Eriochloa lemmoni G. Vasey & F.L. Scribner var. gracilis (E.P. Fournier) F.W. Gould): Cupgrass, South-western Cupgrass, Tapertip Cupgrass (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, flats, roadsides, along washes and streams, moist soil and disturbed areas 4,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Heteropogon contortus (C. Linnaeus) A.M. Palisot de Beauvois ex J.J. Roemer & J.A. Schultes: Barba Negra, Tanglehead, Tanglehead Grass, Retorcido Moreno, Zacate Colorado (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, ravines, plains, flats, roadsides and along washes 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Muhlenbergia emersleyi G. Vasey: Bullgrass, Cola de Zorra (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, flats and along washes and among rocks in streambeds; useful as an ornamental)

 

Muhlenbergia monticola (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) C.B. von Trinius: Mesa Muhly, Slimflower Muhly (terrestrial annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, ledges and rocky hills 4,500 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Muhlenbergia porteri F.L. Scribner ex W.J. Beal: Bush-grass, Bush Muhly, Mesquitegrass, Zacate Aparejo (terrestrial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly flats and along washes 2,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Panicum hallii G. Vasey: Hall’s Panicgrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky hills, grasslands, prairies and sandy plains 2,500 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Setaria grisebachii E.P. Fournier: Grisebach’s Bristlegrass, Ola de Zorra (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, soil pockets in rock outcrops, flats and along washes and damp soil in streambeds 2,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Setaria vulpiseta (J.B. de Lamarck) J.J. Roemer & J.A. Shultes (Setaria macrostachya K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth): Assaak, Plains Bristlegrass, Xikkaa Kiix, Zacate Tempranero, Zacate Temprano (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, plains, gravelly flats, along washes and streambeds 2,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Sporobolus contractus A.S. Hitchcock: Spike Dropseed (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, bluffs, rocky slopes, sand hills, gravelly and sandy flats, roadsides, along washes and floodplains 1,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Tridens muticus (J. Torrey) G.V. Nash var. muticus: Slim Tridens, Tridente (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains, flats and along washes below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Polemoniaceae: The Phlox Family

 

Eriastrum diffusum (A. Gray) F. Mason: Blue Star, Miniature Starflower, Miniature Woollystar, Miniature Wool Star, Starflower, Woollystar (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats and along washes 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Gilia sp.: Gilia

 

Ipomopsis multiflora (T. Nuttall) V. Grant (Gilia multiflora T. Nuttall): Many Flowered Gilia, Manyflowered Ipomopsis (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from dry slopes 4,000 to 9,000 feet elevation)

 

Ipomopsis thurberi (J. Torrey ex A. Gray) V.E. Grant (Gilia thurberi (J. Torrey ex A. Gray) A. Gray: El Paso Skyrocket (terrestrial biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons and slopes 4,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Linanthus aureus (T. Nuttall) E.L. Greene: Desert Gold, Golden Linanthus, Yellow Linanthus (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, woodlands, sandy slopes, plains and desertscrubs 2,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Linanthus bigelovii (A. Gray) E.L. Greene (Gilia bigelovii A. Gray): Bigelow Gilia, Bigelow’s Linanthus (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes below 3,500 feet elevation)

 

Linanthus dichotomus G. Bentham: Eveningsnow (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, rocky slopes, ridges, hills, hillsides, desertscrub, bajadas, slopes, among rocks, sand dunes, along washes and sandy soils 400 to 3,900 feet elevation; very fragrant flowers open in the evening)

 

Polygonaceae: The Buckwheat Family

 

Eriogonum abertianum J. Torrey var. abertianum: Abert’s Buckwheat, Abert Wild Buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, slopes, foothills, flats, roadsides, along washes and disturbed areas 1,500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Eriogonum polycladon G. Bentham: Sorrel Buckwheat, Sorrel Eriogonum, Sorrel Wild Buckwheat (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from roadsides and along washes 2,500 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Portulacaceae: The Purselane Family

 

Cistanthe monandra (T. Nuttall) M.A. Hershkovitz (Calyptridium monandrum T. Nuttall): Common Pussypaws, Sand Cress (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from ridge tops, bajadas, slopes, plains, sandy flats and along sandy washes below 450 feet elevation)

 

Talinum aurantiacum G. Engelmann: Flame Flower, Orange Flameflower (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 1 foot high); within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, plains, flats and damp soil in streambeds 4,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Pteridaceae: The Maidenhair Fern Family

(listed genera formerly placed in the Polypodiaceae: The Fern Family)

 

Argyrochosma limitanea (W.R. Maxon) M.D. Windham subsp. limitanea (Pellaea limitanea (W.R. Maxon) J.S. Morton): Border Cloak Fern, Southwestern False Cloak Fern (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from cliffs, crevices, ledges, hillsides and bases of boulders 2,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Astrolepis cochisensis (L.N. Goodding) R.W. Benham & M.D. Windham subsp. cochisensis (Notholaena cochisensis L.N. Goodding, Notholaena sinuata (O. Swartz) G.F. Kaulfuss var. cochisensis (L.N. Goodding) C.A. Weatherby): Cochise Cloak Fern, Cochise Scaly Cloakfern, Helechillo, Jimmyfern, Narrow Cloakfern, Scaly Star Fern (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, ledges, on boulders and among rocks 1,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Astrolepis integerrima (W.J. Hooker) R.W. Benham & M.D. Windham (Notholaena sinuata (M. Lagasca y Segura ex O. Swartz) G.F. Kaulfuss var. integerrima W.J. Hooker): Astrolepis, Hybrid Cloakfern, Hybrid Lipfern (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, rocky slopes, forests, rock outcrops, rock crevices, woodlands, hills, grasslands, desertscrubs, bajadas,  among rocks and along washes and creeks 1,600 to 6,600 feet elevation)

 

Astrolepis sinuata (M. Lagasca y Segura ex O. Swartz) R.W. Benham & M.D. Windham subsp. sinuata (Notholaena sinuata (M. Lagasca y Segura ex O. Swartz) G.F. Kaulfuss): Helecho, Wavy Scaly Cloakfern, Wavy Cloak Fern (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, among rocks and crevices 1,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Cheilanthes eatoni J.G. Baker: Eaton’s Lipfern (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from cliffs, rock ledges, rocky slopes, talus slopes, rock crevices, scrubs and among boulders 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Cheilanthes feei T. Moore: Slender Lipfern (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from cliffs, rock crevices and rocky slopes 2,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Pellaea intermedia G.H. Mettenius & F.A. Kuhn: Intermediate Cliffbrake (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, crevices in limestone ledges and among rocks 3,500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Ranunculaceae: The Buttercup Family

 

Clematis drummondii J. Torrey & A. Gray: Barbas de Chivato, Drummond’s Clematis, Old Man’s Beard, Texas-virgin Bower, Texas Virgin’s Bower, Virgin’s Bower (terrestrial perennial vine, subshrub or woody climber; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, flats, open ground and along washes and streams below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Delphinium geraniifolium P.A. Rydberg: Clark Valley Larkspur (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, forests, mountain meadows and parks, hills, along streams and riparian areas 3,900 to 9,600 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Rhamnaceae: The Buckthorn Family

 

Ceanothus greggii A. Gray var. greggii: Buckbrush, Desert Ceanothus, Gregg Ceanothus, Mountain Balm, Wild Lilac (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 8 feet high); within range reported from mountains, ridges, slopes, woodlands, foothills, hills, rocky hillsides, scrubs, grasslands, along streams and riparian areas 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; plants are browsed by deer, birds and small mammals eat the seeds)

 

Sageretia wrightii S. Waston: Mock Buckthorn, Sageretia, Wright’s Mock Buckthorn (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 8 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, rock outcrops, slopes, hillsides, among rocks, grasslands, springs, desertscrubs, along washes, riparian areas  and rocky soils 1,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Ziziphus obtusifolia (W.J. Hooker ex J. Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray var. canescens (A. Gray) M.C. Johnston (Condalia lycioides (A. Gray) A. Weberbauer var. canescens (A. Gray) W. Trelease): Abrojo, Bachata, Barbachatas, Clepe, Garrapata, Garumbullo, Gray-leaved Abrojo, Gray-thorn, Greythorn, Gumdrop Tree, Lotebush, Palo Blanco, Southwestern Condalia, White Crucillo (terrestrial perennial shrub or small tree (to 10 feet high); within range reported from mesas, gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, along washes and streambeds and bottomlands 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Rosaceae: The Rose Family

 

Vauquelinia californica (J. Torrey) C.S. Sargent: Arizona Rosewood, Torrey Vauquelinia (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or small tree (10 to 30 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and hillsides 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Rubiaceae: The Madder Family

 

Bouvardia ternifolia (A.J. Cavanilles) D.F. von Schlechtendal (Bouvardia glaberrima G. Engelmann): Firecrackerbush, Scarlet Bouvardia, Smooth Bouvardia, Trompetilla (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and among boulders, preferring partial shade 3,000 to 9,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; attracts and provides nectar for hummingbirds)

 

Galium proliferum A. Gray: Bedstraw, Desert Bedstraw, Great Basin Bedstraw, Limestone Bedstraw, Spreading Bedstraw (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, ledges, rocky banks, flats and along washes 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Rutaceae: The Rue Family

 

Choisya dumosa (J. Torrey) A. Gray var. arizonica (P.C. Standley) L.D. Benson (Choisya arizonica P.C. Standley): Arizona Orange, Arizona Star Leaf (terrestrial perennial shrub (3 to 6 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, woodlands, grasslands and desertscrubs 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ptelea trifoliata C. Linnaeus (Ptelea angustifolia G. Bentham): Common Hoptree, Hop Tree, Narrowleaf Hoptree, Wafer-ash (terrestrial perennial shrub or tree (to 20 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, forests, woodlands, rocky uplands and valleys 3,500 to 8,500 feet elevation; may cause dermatitis)

 

Rhynchosia senna J. Gillies ex W.J. Hooker var. texana (J. Torrey & A. Gray) M.C. Johnston (Rhynchosia texana J. Torrey & A. Gray): Rosary Bean, Texas Snoutbean (terrestrial perennial herb or vine; within range reported from mountains, mesas, canyons, woodlands, grasslands, scrubs, plains, roadsides, along creeks, floodplains and riparian areas 3,300 to 6,100 feet elevation; useful as a ground cover and in the controlling of erosion)

 

Thamnosma texana (A. Gray) J. Torrey: Cordoncillo, Dutchman’s Breeches, Ruda del Monte, Rue of the Mountains, Texas Desertrue (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Selaginellaceae: The Spike-moss Family

 

Selaginella rupincola L.M. Underwood: Rockloving Spikemoss (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from dry cliffs, ledges and shallow soil on bedrock 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Scrophulariaceae: The Figwort Family

 

Castilleja exserta (A. Heller) T.I. Chuang & L.R. Heckard var. exserta (Orthocarpus purpurascens G. Bentham var. palmeri A. Gray): Common Owl’s Clover, Escobita, Exserted Indian Paintbrush, Mohave Owl Clover, Owl’s Clover (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, gravelly flats and along washes 1,500 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Cordylanthus laxiflorus A. Gray: Nodding Bird’s-beak (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, slopes, rocky hills, forests, scrubs, grasslands, desertscrubs and riparian areas 3,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Maurandella antirrhiniflora (F.W. von Humboldt & A.J. Bonpland ex C.L. von Willdenow) W.H. Rothmaler (Maurandya antirrhiniflora F.W. von Humboldt & A.J. Bonpland ex C.L. von Willdenow): Blue Snapdragon Vine, Little Snapdragon Vine, Roving Sailor, Snapdragon Maurandya, Snapdragon Vine, Twining Snapdragon, Vine Blue Snapdragon, Violet Twining, Violet Twining Snapdragon (terrestrial perennial herb or vine; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, flats and along washes, streambeds and watercourses 1,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Orthocarpus luteus T. Nuttall: Buttered Owl’s Clover, Golden-tongue Owl-clover, Yellow Owl’s-clover (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, slopes, forests, hillsides, woodlands, open fields, moist meadows. plains and desertscrubs 4,300 to 10,500 feet elevation)

 

Penstemon barbatus (A.J. Cavanilles) A.W. Roth: Beard-lip Beard Tongue, Beardlip Penstemon, Golden-beard Penstemon, Hummingbird Flowers, Red Penstemon, Scarlet Penstemon, Southwestern Penstemon (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, rocky slopes, forests, woodlands and roadsides 4,000 to 10,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Selaginellaceae: The Spike-moss Family

 

Selaginella rupincola L.M. Underwood: Rockloving Spikemoss (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from dry cliffs, ledges and shallow soil on bedrock 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Solanaceae: The Potato Family

 

Chamaesaracha sordida (M.F. Dunal) A. Gray (Chamaesaracha coniodes M.E. Moricand ex M.F. Dunal) N.L. Britton): Dingy Chamaesaracha, Hairy Five Eyes, Velvet Five-eyes (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from arid mountain slopes, dry mesas, gravelly slopes, bajadas, dry plains, desert grasslands, desertscrubs, roadsides, terraces above creeks and marshes 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Physalis hederifolia A. Gray: Heartleaf Groundcherry, Ivyleaf Groundcherry (terrestrial annual or perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from foothills and plains 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Solanum elaeagnifolium A.J. Cavanilles: Bull Nettle, Desert Nightshade, Silver Horsenettle, Silverleaf Nightshade, Trompillo, White Horsenettle (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from plains, flats, roadsides, cienegas and disturbed areas 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Sterculiaceae: The Cacao Family

 

Ayenia filiformis S. Watson: Desert Ayenia, TransPecos Ayenia (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from rocky slopes and flats 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Ulmaceae: The Elm Family

 

Celtis pallida J. Torrey: Acebuche, Bainoro, Capul, Desert Hackberry, Garabato, Garambullo, Granjeno, Huasteco, Palo de Aguila, Rompecapa, Shiny Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (3 to 18 feet high); within range reported from canyons, mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, flats, along washes and streambeds 2,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; larval food plant for the American Snout (Libytheana carinenta) and Empress Leilia (Asterocampa leilia), this plant provides excellent cover for many birds, and the fruit are eaten by many birds and small desert mammals; useful as an ornamental)

 

Verbenaceae: The Verbena Family

 

Tetraclea coulteri A. Gray: Coulter Tetraclea, Coulter’s Wrinklefruit (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from gravelly flats, along washes and disturbed areas below 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Verbena neomexicana (A. Gray) J.K. Small var. xylopoda M.C. Perry: Hillside Vervain, New Mexico Vervain, Verbena (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and foothills 2,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Viscaceae: The Christmas Mistletoe Family

(Loranthaceae: The Mistletoe Family)

 

Phoradendron californicum T. Nuttall (Phoradendron californicum T. Nuttall var. distans W. Trelease): American Mistletoe, Desert Mistletoe, Mesquite Mistletoe, Toji, Western Dwarf Mistletoe (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; partial parasite observed growing on Blue Paloverde, Catclaw Acacia and Velvet Mesquite, commonly found on Acacia spp., Condalia spp., Larrea spp., Olneya spp., Parkinsonia spp., Prosopis spp., and Ziziphus spp. below 4,000 feet elevation; Phainopeplas feed on the berries and disperse the seeds to other host plants; Verdins nest in the stems; the fragrant flowers attract insects)

 

Zygophyllaceae: The Creosote-bush Family

 

Kallstroemia grandiflora J. Torrey ex A Gray: Arizona Caltrop, Arizona Poppy, Arizona Summer Poppy, Baiborin, Desert Poppy, Mexican Poppy, Orange Caltrop, Summer Poppy (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, plains, rocky and gravelly flats, roadsides and washes below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

 

 

LISTING OF ANIMALS

(based in part on a general listing of animals reported from the Santa Rita Experimental Range)

 

 

BIRDS

 

Columbidae: The Dove and Pigeon Family

 

Zenaida asiatica (Linnaeus): Mexican Dove, Okokoi (Tohono O’odham), Paloma ala Blancha (Hispanic), Paloma de alas Blanchas, Sonora Dove, White-wing, White-winged Dove, White-wing Pigeon (feeds on fruit, insects and seeds; nests are crude stick platforms located in thickets and trees)

 

Zenaida macroura (Linnaeus) (Zenaidura macroura (Linnaeus)): Hohhi (Tohono O’odham), Huilota (Hispanic), Paloma Triste (Hispanic), Mourning Dove, Turtle Dove, Wild Dove (feeds on fruit, insects and seeds; nests are loose twig platforms located in cacti, shrubs trees and on the ground)    

 

Cuculidae: The Ani, Cuckoo and Roadrunner Family

 

Geococcyx californianus (Lesson): Correcaminos Norteno (Hispanic), Greater Roadrunner, Paisano (Hispanic), Tadai (feeds on the young of ground nesting birds, insects, lizards, scorpions and snakes; nests are course shallow cups of sticks located in cacti, mesquite trees and shrubs)

 

Emberizidae: The Emberizid Family

 

Aimophila carpalis (Coues): Rufous-winged Sparrow (feeds on berries, buds, fruit, insects and seeds; nests are cups made up of woven course and fine grasses located low bushes and cacti, in young mesquite trees and on the ground)

 

Odontiphoridae: The Quail Family

 

Callipepla squamata (Vigors): Blue Racer Quail, Blue Quail, Codorniz Escamosa (Hispanic), Cotton Top, Cottontop Quail, Mexican Quail, Scaled Partridge, Scaled Quail, Top-knot Quail (feeds on berries, buds, insects and seeds; nest are hollows or depressions under shrubs)

 

Callipepla gambelii (Gambel) (Lophortyx gambelii Gambel): Arizona Quail, Cordoniz de Gambel (Hispanic), Codorniz (Gambel) Chiquiri (Hispanic), Desert Quail, Gambel’s Quail, Kikaichu (Tohono O’odham) (feeds on berries, buds, insects and seeds; eggs are laid in a ground scrape or grass lined nests located on the ground under prickly-pear cacti)

 

Scolopacidae: The Curlew, Sandpiper and Allies Family

 

Calidris melanotos Vieillot: Pectoral Sandpiper (feeds on insects; nests are scrapes and grassy hollows located on the tundra; seen in Arizona during winter migration)

 

Trochilidae: The Hummingbird Family

 

Calypte costae (Bourcier): Chuparosa Costa (Hispanic), Costa’s Hummingbird (feeds on small insects and nectar; nests are leaf-thatched and lichen woven cups located in shrubs and trees)

 

 

MAMMALS

 

Canidae: The Dog and Allies Family

 

Canis latrans Say: Coyote (feeds on amphibians, berries, birds, carrion, fruits, gophers, insects, mice, rabbits, reptiles and squirrels)

 

Cervidae: The Deer and Allies Family

 

Odocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque): Black-tailed Deer,  Burro, Desert Mule Deer, Mule Deer, Venado Pardo (Hispanic) (feeds on beans, branches, fruit, leaves or needles, nuts, seeds and/or twigs of aspen, barberry, bitterbrush, blackberry, buckbrush, buckwheat, calliandra, ceanothus, catclaw, cedar, cliffrose, dogwood, Douglas fir, huckleberry, joint fir, jojoba, juniper, mountain mahogany, mountainlover, oak, pinyon, ponderosa pine, poplar, sagebrush, saltbush, serviceberry, thimbleberry, white fir, wild cherry, willow and yew, and grasses lupines, mistletoe, moss, mushrooms, salal, sedges and spurge; reported from desert foothills with scrub growth, thick growth along washes, forest edges and mountains )

 

Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann) subsp. couesi: Arizona Whitetail, Coues’ Deer, Coues’ White-tailed Deer, Fantail, Sonora White-tailed Deer, Sonoran Fantail, Venado Cola Blanca (Hispanic), Virginia Deer, Whitetail, White-tailed Deer (feeds on fungi, grass and acorns, branches, buds, cones, fruits, leaves, mast, needles and /or twigs of alder, barberry, buckbrush, calliandra, catclaw acacia, Emory and scrub oaks and other evergreen oaks, hackberry, hemlock, holly-leaf buckthorn, juniper, mesquite, mountainlover, Oregon-grape, pinyon, ratany, sagebrush, skunkbush, spiderwort, spruce, willow, yellow-leaf silktassel; reported from mountains, canyons, forests, woodlands, meadows, scrub and desertscrub)

 

Felidae: The Cat Family

 

Felis concolor Linnaeus (Puma concolor): California Lion, Catamount Cat (a mountain Red Tiger), Cougar, El Leon (Hispanic), Leon de Montana (Hispanic), Mountain Lion, Painter American Lion, Panther; Puma  (feeds on beaver, desert bighorn sheep, birds, black bears, cottontail rabbits, jackrabbits, javelina, mule deer, porcupine, pronghorn antelope, skunks, small mammals and white-tailed deer)

 

Heteromyidae: The Kangaroo Rat and Pocket Mouse Family

 

Chaetodipus baileyi Merriam (Perognathus baileyi Merriam) subsp. baileyi: Bailey’s Pocket Mouse, Raton de Bailey (Hispanic) (feeds on vegetation, and fruits and seeds of cactus, grass and other herbs; the nest is made in underground burrows)

 

Chaetodipus penicillatus Woodhouse (Perognathus penicillatus Woodhouse): Desert Pocket Mouse, Raton de Desierto (Hispanic), Sonoran Desert Pocket Mouse (feeds on seeds of creosote bush, grass, greythorn, herbs and mesquite; the nest is made in underground burrows)

 

Dipodomys spectabilis (Merriam); Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rat, Kangaroo Rat, Rata de Nopalera (Hispanic) (feeds on grasses, green and succulent plants, insects rodents and seeds; nests are made up of chaff, stems and leaves of grass located in underground burrows in firm soils)

 

Perognathus amplus Osgood, Arizona Pocket Mouse (feeds on green plants, insects and seeds; nests are located in underground burrows)

 

Perognathus flavus (Baird): Silky Pocket Mouse (feeds on seeds; nests are located in underground burrows)

 

Leporidae: The Hare and Rabbit Family

 

Lepus alleni (Mearns): Antelope Jack Rabbit (feeds on cacti, Catclaw Acacia, grasses, herbs and the bark, buds and leaves of mesquite)

 

Lepus californicus Gray: Black-tailed Jack Rabbit, “Jackass Rabbit” (feeds on grass, mesquite leaves and prickly-pear cacti)

 

Sylvilagus audubonii (Baird): Desert Cottontail (feeds on green plants, cacti, bark and twigs)

 

Muridae: The Mouse and Rat Family

 

Neotoma albigula Hartley: Packrat, White-throated Packrat, Trade Rat, White-throated Wood Rat (feeds on cacti, forbs, fruits, juniper, leaves, mesquite beans, seeds and yucca; nests are built under mesquite, cholla and prickly-pear cacti, or in rocky crevices using sticks, pieces of cholla and prickly-pear cacti, and rubbish, sometimes with underground burrows)

 

Onychomys torridus (Coves): Raton Chapulinero del Sur (Hispanic), Scorpion Mouse, Southern Grasshopper Mouse (feeds on arthropods, beetles, grasshoppers, insects, lizards, other species of mice, scorpions, seeds and small vertebrates; nests are located in underground burrows)

 

Sigmodon ochrognathus (V. Bailey): Rata Nariz Amarilla (Hispanic), Yellow-nosed Cotton Rat (nests are made of grass and plant fibers in agaves, beargrass, piles of dead leaves or in abandoned gopher burrows)

 

Procyonidae: The Raccoon and Allies Family

 

Nasua narica (Merriam): Chula, Chulo, Coati (Indian), Coatimundi, El Gato Solo (Los Gatos en Familia), Pizote, White-nosed Coati (feeds on berries of juniper and manzanita, birds, eggs, fruit, insects and other invertebrates, prickly pear fruit, small mammals, tubers and worms)

 

Phyllostomatidae: The Leaf-nosed Bat Family

 

Choeronycteris mexicana (Tschudi): Hognose Bat, Mexican Hog-nosed Bat, Mexican Long-tailed Bat, Mexican Long-tongued Bat, Murcielago Lengua Larga Mexicano (Hispanic) (feeds on fruits, insects, nectar and pollen; reported from under bridges, and in shallow caves, rock fissures and mine tunnels)

 

Leptonycteris curasoae subsp. yerbabuenae (Martinez and Villa-R.) (Leptonycteris nivalis Saussure, Leptonycteris sanborni Saussure): Lesser Long-nosed Bat, Little Long-nosed Bat, Murcielago de Sanborn (Hispanic), Sanborn’s Long-nosed Bat, Sanborn’s Southern Long-nosed Bat, Southern Long-nosed Bat (feeds on nectar and pollen from Agave, Organpipe Cactus and Saguaro, pulp of Organpipe and Saguaro fruit and insects; reported from old buildings, caves, rock crevices and abandoned mine tunnels)

 

Sciuridae: The Squirrel and Allies Family

 

Ammospermophilus harrisii (Audubon and Bachman) (Citellus harrisii (Audubon and Bachman)): Harris’ Antelope Squirrel (feeds on fruits, insects, plants and seeds)

 

Spermophilus tereticaudus (Citellus tereticaudus (Baird)): Round-tailed Ground Squirrel (feeds on buds of burroweed and mesquite, cacti, green vegetation, insects, seeds of creosote bush, mesquite, flowers of ocotillo,  paloverde, plantain, and saltbush, observed visiting road kill and taking young quail)

 

Tayassuidae: The Javelina Family

 

Peccari tajacu Linnaeus (Tayassu tajacu): Collared Peccary, Jabalina (Hispanic), Javelina, Peccary (feeds on agaves, amphibians, berries, bulbs, fungi, grass, insects, mesquite beans, nuts, succulent plants, prickly-pear and other cacti, reptiles, rodents, roots, sotol, tubers and worms; they bed down during the day in thick brush and prickly-pear thickets)

 

 

REPTILES

 

Teiidae: The Whiptail and  Allies Family

 

Aspidoscelis sonorae Lowe and Wright (Cnemidophorus “sonorae”): Sonoran Spotted Whiptail (feeds on centipedes, insects, other lizards, scorpions, spiders and termites; reported from woodlands and grasslands, on rocky slopes, desertscrubs and in riparian forests)

 

Testudinidae: The Land Tortoise Family

 

Gopherus agassizi Cooper (Sonoran Population): Sonoran Desert Tortoise (feeds on cacti, grass and herbs; reported from canyon bottoms, rocky hillsides, sandy and gravelly flats, dunes, oases, washes and riverbanks)

 

Viperidae: The Pit Viper Family

 

If bitten by a rattlesnake remain calm, remove all jewelry (including watches), immobilize extremity,

keep at level below the heart, decrease total body activity, and transport to medical facility. Do not apply ice to bitten area, do not use an incision of any kind, do not use a tourniquet, do not administer drugs or alcohol, and do not use electric shock treatment (Tuscon Herpetological Society. 1995. Living with Rattlesnakes. Tuscon, Arizona, 8751-1531. BISON-M).

 

Crotalus atrox Baird and Girard: Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (feeds on bird’s eggs and young birds, frogs, gophers, lizards, mice, prairie dogs, rabbits, rats, squirrels  and toads; reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, forests, woodlands, rocky hillsides, scrubs, sandy flats, plains, desertscrubs, lowland areas, riparian areas, river bottoms and coastal plains; venomous snake)

 

Crotalus molossus Baird and Girard: Blacktail Rattlesnake, Black-tailed Rattlesnake (feeds on small mammals; reported from mountains, cliffs, rockslides, rocky slopes, rock outcrops, forests, woodlands, scrubs, grasslands and desertscrubs; venomous snake)

 

Crotalus scutulatus Kennicott: Mojave Rattlesnake (feeds on reptiles, kangaroo rats and other rodents; reported from lower mountains slopes, woodlands, scrubs, grasslands, desertscrubs and mesquite bosques; a venomous and extremely dangerous snake)

 

Crotalus tigris Kennicott: Tiger Rattlesnake (feeds on mice, rats, woodrats and other small mammals; reported from desert mountain ranges, canyons and rocky slopes; venomous snake)

 

 

 

Listing Footnotes

 

(1) National Geographic Arizona Seamless USGS Topographic Maps. Maps created with TOPO! R C 2002 National Geographic.

               

(2) Walker, Henry P. and Don Bufkin. 1979. Historical Atlas of Arizona, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Page 4A and Map.

 

(3) Richardson, M.L. and M.L. Miller. March 1974. United States Department of Agriculture - Soil Conservation Service in cooperation with the Pima County Natural Resource Conservation District, Report and interpretations for the General Soil Map of Pima County, Arizona and General Soil Map Pima County Arizona. Arizona General Soil Map, July 1975, United States Department of Agriculture - Soil Conservation Service and the University of Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station, compiled by J.E. Jay, Y.H. Havens, D.M. Hendricks, D.F. Post and C.W. Guernsey.

 

(4) Brown, David E., Biotic Communities of the American Southwest – United States and Mexico, Desert Plants, Volume 4, Numbers 1-4, Published by the University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum, 1982, and associated map: Brown, David E. and Charles H. Lowe, Biotic Communities of the Southwest, August 1980, General Technical Report RM-78, United Stated Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Revised June 1983

 

(5) Nomenclature generally follows that presented by The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden (BONAP) with A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Full Index 1998.

http://www.bonap.org/

http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/b98/check98.htm

 

(6) Growth habits generally coincide with that given by the National Plants Database. Common names identified in the database have been printed in bold lettering: USDA, NRCS. 2004. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA

 

 

 

Literature, References and Web Sites Cited, Consulted and Visited for Listings

 

*Arid Zone Trees, A Resource for Landscape Professionals, dedicated to providing quality trees to the Landscape Industries that are appropriate to the Desert Southwest

http://www.aridzonetrees.com/index.htm

*Arizona Atlas & Gazetteer. 2002. DeLorme.

www.delorme.com

*Arizona Game and Fish Department, Arizona’s Natural Heritage Program: Heritage Data Management System (HDMS)

http://www.gf.state.az.us/w_c/edits/species_concern.shtml

* Arizona General Soil Map, July 1975, United States Department of Agriculture - Soil Conservation Service and the University of Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station, compiled by J.E. Jay, Y.H. Havens, D.M. Hendricks, D.F. Post and C.W. Guernsey.

*Arizona Rare Plant Committee. Arizona Rare Plant Field Guide, A Collaboration of Agencies and Organizations.

*Barnes, Will C. 1988. Arizona Place Names, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona

*Benson, Lyman. 1981. The Cacti of Arizona, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

*Benson, Lyman and Robert A. Darrow. 1981. Trees and Shrubs of the Southwestern Deserts, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

*The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden (BONAP) with A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Full Index 1998.

http://www.bonap.org/

http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/b98/check98.htm

*Biota Information System of New Mexico, New Mexico Game and Fish (BISON-M)

http://nmnhp.unm.edu/bisonm/bisonquery.php

*Bowers, Janice E. and Steven P. McLaughlin. 1987.  Flora and Vegetation of the Rincon Mountains, Pima County, Arizona, Desert Plants, Volume 8, Number 2.

*Bowers, J.E., and R.M. Turner. 1985. A Revised Vascular Flora of Tumamoc Hill.

*Breitung, August J., The Agaves, The Cactus and Succulent Journal 1968 Yearbook, Abbey Garden Press, Reseda, California.

*Brenzel, Kathleen N. 2001. Sunset Western Garden Book,  Sunset Publishing Corporation, Menlo Park, California.

*Brown, David E. 1982. Biotic Communities of the American Southwest – United States and Mexico, Desert Plants, Volume 4, Numbers 1-4, Published by the University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum, and associated map: Brown, David E. and Lowe, Charles H., Biotic Communities of the Southwest, August 1980, General Technical Report RM-78, United Stated Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station Revised June 1983.

*Catalogue of New World Grasses

http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/index/nwgctA.html

*Chamber, Nina – Sonoran Institute & Hawkins, Trica Oshant - Environmental Education Exchange. Invasive Plants of the Sonoran Desert, A Field guide,

*Checklist of North American Butterflies Occurring North of Mexico

http://www.naba.org/pubs/enames2.html

*The Collection, Volume 4 Issue 4, Winter 2002-2003

http://tcbmed.com/Newsletters/Volume4-Issue4-Usnea.html

*Dollar, Derrick; Scott Richardson and Erin Deely. 2000. Mammal Survey for the Mason Audubon Center, Tucson, Arizona USA

*Duffield, Mary Rose and Warren D. Jones. 1981. Plants for Dry Climates, HP Books, Los Angeles, California

*Earle, W. Hubert. 1963. Cacti of the Southwest, Rancho Arroyo book distributors, Tempe, Arizona.

*Epple, Anne Orth. 1995. A field Guide to the Plants of Arizona, Falcon Press Publishing Co., Inc., Helena, Montana.

*Erickson, Jim. 1998. 2 Areas Near Santa Ritas Sought for Conservation, Park, the Arizona Daily Star, Tuesday, 17 November 1998.

*Especies Forestales No Maderables - Indices

http://www.semarnat.gob.mx/pfnm/indices.html

*Felger, Richard S. 1997. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge, Arizona, Drylands Institute, Tucson, Arizona.

*Florida Nature

http://www.floridanature.org/

http://www.floridanature.org/copyright.asp

*Gould, Frank W. 1951. Grasses of Southwestern United States, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

*Hawksworth, Frank G. and Delbert Wiens. March 1996. United States Depatment of Agriculture, Forest Service. Agricultural Handbook 709 - Dwarf Mistltoes: Biology, Pathology, and Systematics.

http://www.rmrs.nau.edu/publications/ah_709/index.html

*Haynes, Lisa and Susan Schuetze. 1997. Pamphlet: A Sampler of Arizona’s Threatened and Endangered Wildlife, Arizona Game and Fish Department and Arizona Department of Agriculture.

*The Hermannia Pages: American Species

http://www.meden.demon.co.uk/Malvaceae/Hermannia/American.html

*Heymann, M.M. 1975. Reptiles and Amphibians of the American Southwest, Doubleshoe Publishers, Scottsdale, Arizona.

*Hoffmeister. 1980. Ursus arctos, Specimens in Collections

*Housholder, Bob. 1966. The Grizzly Bear in Arizona

*Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

http://www.itis.usda.gov/

*The International Plant Names Index (2004), accessed 2005. Published on the Internet

http://www.ipni.org

*Jepson Flora Project

http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/

http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/copyright.html

*Johnson, Matthew Brian. 2004. Cacti, other Succulents, and Unusual Xerophytes of Southern Arizona, Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum / Arizona Lithographers, Tucson, Arizona.

*Kearney, Thomas K. and Robert H. Peebles. 1951. with Supplement 1960. Arizona Flora, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, California.

*Krausman, Paul R. and Michael L. Morrison. 2003. Wildlife Ecology and Management, Santa Rita Experimental Range (1903 to 2002), USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-30.2003 Pages 59 thru 67.

*Laymon, Stephen A. Paper: Yellow-billed Cuckoo.

*Lellinger, David B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

*Little, Elbert L. 1980. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees – Western Region, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, New York.

*Lowe, Charles H. 1964. The Vertebrates of Arizona with Major Section on Arizona Habitats, The University of Arizona Press.

*Maus, Kathryn. September 2002. Checklist for the Plants of the West Branch of the Santa Cruz, Tucson, Arizona.

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