August 29, 2005 Update

 

TOWNSHIP 12 SOUTH, RANGE 14 EAST, PIMA COUNTY, ARIZONA

Gila and Salt River Baseline and Meridian

 

Major Contributor and Source: C. David Bertelsen, 1993, Common Flora of Finger Rock Canyon / Mount Kimball, The Plant Press, The Arizona Native Plant Society Volume 17 Number 4, Fall, 1993. William T. Kendall.

 

Species Distribution Lists are being developed to encourage and promote the conservation of local native animals and plants. They are developed for legally defined geographic areas, and larger bodies of water. They are provided to environmental consultants, property owners, and government agencies interested in promoting conservation. Listings include species reported as having been observed in or reported from the described area.

 

Due to continuing additions and corrections the listings should be considered a work in progress. Species once reported as having occurred within the described area, but that no longer occurs there are shown are having been EXTIRPATED. This list includes species that are not native to Arizona (EXOTIC). Exotic plants are not recommended for use in landscaping, restoration, or revegetation projects. Disjunct species, outliers and populations on the edge of the main population are noted as being a PERIPHERAL POPULATION. Landscaped plants are not included in the lists unless they have become naturalized in the surrounding native environment.

 

The use of local native vegetation is recommended for landscape, restoration and revegetation projects. To determine what could be considered as local native vegetation look at both the project township and the eight contiguous townships for plants of similar habitat and elevation. Plants should be planted in their approximate original habitat and density. Use of native plants encourages native animals to remain in the area and helps to retain the areas natural beauty, unique identity and heritage.

 

Appreciation is expressed to the officers and staff of the Arizona Department of Agriculture, the Arizona Game and Fish Department, Pima County and local government offices for the protection provided to our native animals and plants. Species distribution information is shared with the Heritage Data Management System of the Arizona Game and Fish Department.

 

Species Distribution Lists are periodically updated and revised. The information presented as township notes was obtained from large scale mapping and should be used only as a general guide. Information used in these lists is accepted from biologists and individuals interested in helping to promote the conservation of our natural resources. Mistakes are made in the identification of species and in the recording of information, and changes in nomenclature occur. For these reasons I can not warrant the accuracy of the information presented in these listings.

 

Comments and the reporting of corrections, unrecorded species in townships and information relating to the historical distribution of species would be appreciated, and may be sent by mail to: Kendall Environmental Surveys, P.O. Box 87967, Tucson, Arizona 85754-7967, or E-mail to:

KendallEnvironmentalSurveys@msn.com.

 

 

Township Notes

 

Location: This township is located in northeastern Pima County in south-central Arizona. This township is bounded on the south by the alignment for Ina Road and on the east by the alignment for First Avenue. A portion of the northwest quarter is within the town limits for the Town of Oro Valley. A portion of Catalina State Park is located within the north half of this township. A portion Coronado National Forest is located within the east half of this township.

 

 

This photograph was taken looking northeast into Pima Canyon. Some of the plants observed in the included Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea), Foothill Paloverde (Parkinsonia microphylla), Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina), Ocotillo (Fouquieria splendens), Catclaw Acacia (Acacia greggii var. greggii), Staghorn Cholla (Opuntia versicolor), Chain-fruit Cholla (Opuntia fulgida var. fulgida), Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis), Longleaf Joint-fir (Ephedra trifurca), Desert Pricklypear Cactus (Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii), Limberbush (Jatropha cardiophylla), Triangleleaf Bursage (Ambrosia deltoidea) and Graham Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria grahamii var. grahamii). WTK August 2005

 

 

Landmarks: A western portion of the Santa Catalina Mountains is located within this township. Named peaks, ridges and saddles in this township include Bighorn Mountain, Finger Rock (6,475 feet), Mount Kimball (7,258 feet), Pima Saddle, Pusch Peak (5,361 feet), Pontatoc Ridge, Pusch Ridge, Rosewood Point (4,385 feet), Table Mountain (6,265 feet) and Window Rock. Named Canyons include Alamo Canyon, Finger Rock Canyon, Montrose Canyon, Pima Canyon, Pontatoc Canyon, Romero Canyon and Ventana Canyon. Named washes include Big Wash, Canada del Oro, Geronimo Wash and Pima Wash. Named springs include Buster Springs, Finger Rock Spring and Pima Springs.

 

Elevation: Elevations range from approximately 2,550 feet in the Canada del Oro on the west township line to approximately 7, 258 feet at the top of Mount Kimball in the Santa Catalina Mountains (1).

 

Physiographic Province: This township is located within the Sonoran Desert and Mexican Highland Sections of the Basin and Range Physiographic Province (2).

 

Soil: Soils are described as thermic (hot) arid and semiarid soils of the Pinaleno-Nickel-Palos Verdes Association (deep, arid, gravelly soils on deeply dissected uplands), White House-Bernardino-Caralampi Association (deep, semiarid soils on uplands) and the Rock Outcrop-Lampshire-Cellar Association (rock outcrop and very shallow and shallow semiarid soils of the mountains and foothills) and mesic (cool) subhumid soils of the Rock Outcrop-Barkerville-Faraway Association (rock outcrop and very shallow and shallow seubhumid soils of the mountains) (3).

 

Maps created with TOPO! R C 2002 National Geographic

 

Map of Township Showing Adjacent Sections

 

                                                          

Biotic Community: Portions of this township are located within the Arizona Upland Subdivision of the Sonoran Desertscrub Regional Formation of the Desertscrub Formation, Semidesert Grassland of the Grassland Formation, Interior Chaparral of the Scrub Formation and Madrean Evergreen Woodland of the Woodland Formation with associated Wetlands (4).

 

Plant Propagation Note:

 

The DESERT SURVIVORS NATIVE PLANT NURSERY sells many local native plants and is willing to consider growing any native plant for which there is a buyer. Contact: Desert Survivors Native Plant Nursery, 1020 West Starr Pass Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85713, 520-791-9309.

 

 

PLANTS

 

Acanthaceae: The Acanthus Family

 

Anisacanthus thurberi (J. Torrey) A. Gray (5): Anisacanthus, Chuparosa, Colegayo, Desert Honeysuckle, Thurber Anisacanthus, Thurber’s Desert-honeysuckle (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 8 feet high) (6); within range reported from canyon bottoms and along washes and streambeds 2,500 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; this plant is browsed by wildlife; the flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds)

 

Siphonoglossa longiflora (J. Torrey) A. Gray (Justicia longii R.A. Hilsenbeck): Long-flowered Justicia, Longflowered Tubetongue, Tubetongue, White Needle Flower (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes 3,000 to 4,000 feet elevation; this plant is browsed by wildlife)

 

Agavaceae: The Century-plant Family

 

Agave chrysantha R.H. Peebles: Agave, Apache Trail Agave, Golden-flowered Agave, Goldenflower Century Plant (terrestrial perennial evergreen succulent herb, subshrub or shrub (under 3 feet high with a flowering stem reaching to 23 feet in height); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas and outcrops 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Agave schottii G. Engelmann var. schottii: Agave, Amole, Amolillo, Schott Agave, Schott’s Century Plant, Shin Dagger, Shin Digger (terrestrial perennial evergreen succulent herb, subshrub or shrub (under 2 feet high with a flowering stem reaching to 12 feet in height); within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, rock outcrops and bajadas 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Dasylirion wheeleri S. Watson: Cactus Spoon, Common Sotol, Desert Spoon, Sotol, Spoon Flower, Spoon Plant, Wheeler Dasylirion, Wheeler Sotol (terrestrial perennial evergreen subshrub or shrub (under 8 feet high with a flowering spike reaching to 15 feet in height); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas and rocky and gravelly hillsides 4,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; browsed by bighorn sheep)

 

Nolina microcarpa S. Watson: Bear Grass, Palmilla, Sacahuista, Small-fruited Bear Grass, Small-seed Nolina, Sotol Chiquito (terrestrial perennial evergreen subshrub or shrub (under 7 feet high with a flowering spike reaching to 8 feet in height); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rock outcrops, hills, sandy and gravelly slopes, bajadas, plains, flats and valleys 3,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Yucca elata (G. Engelmann) G. Engelmann var. elata: Amole, Datil, Palmilla, Palmlilja Jukka, Pamilla, Pamella, Soaptree, Soaptree Yucca, Soap Weed, Spanish Bayonet (terrestrial perennial narrow-leaved evergreen, palm-like shrub or small tree (25 feet high or more with a flowering stalk reaching to 6 feet or more in height); within range reported from mesas, hills, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes and arroyos 1,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Yucca schottii G. Engelmann: Hairy Yucca, Hoary Yucca, Mountain Yucca, Schott’s Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger (terrestrial perennial narrow-leaved evergreen herb, shrub or small tree (under 18 feet with a flowering stalk reaching to 2 feet high or more in height); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, hillsides, bajadas and valleys 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Amaranthaceae: The Amaranth Family

 

Amaranthus fimbriatus (J. Torrey) G. Bentham ex S. Watson: Bledo, Fringed Amaranth, Fringed Pigweed, Quelite, Quelitillo, Toothed Amaranth (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, sandy flats and washes below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson: Bledo, Carelessweed, Palmer Amaranth, Palmer Pigweed, Pigweed, Red-root Pigweed, Quelite, Quiltite de las Aguas (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, roadsides, along washes, floodplains and disturbed areas below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Iresine heterophylla P.C. Standley:  Standley’s Bloodleaf (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rock walls of canyons, cliff crevices, rocky slopes, rock outcrops, rock clefts, ledges, gulches, seeps, along washes, creeks and streams, lakesides and rocky moist areas 3,500 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Apiaceae: The Carrot Family

(Umbelliferae: The Parsley Family)

 

Bowlesia incana H. Ruiz Lopez & J.A. Pavon: American Bowlesia, Hairy Bowlesia, Hoary Bowlesia (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly flats, along washes and disturbed areas 1,000 to 3,500 feet elevation)

 

Daucus pusillus A. Michaux: American Carrot, American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake Weed, Southwestern Carrot, Wild Carrot, Zanahoria Silvestre (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides, washes and floodplains below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Apocynacaeae: The Dogbane Family

 

Haplophyton crooksii (L. Benson) L. Benson (Haplophyton cimcidium auct. non A.L. de Candolle, Haplophyton cimcidium var. crooksii L. Benson): Actimpatli, Atempatli, Arizona Cockroach Plant, Cockroach-plant, Crooks Cockroachplant, Hierba-de-la-cucuracha (terrestrial subshrub; within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes 2,000 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Asclepiadaceae: The Milkweed Family

 

Funastrum cynanchoides (J. Decaisne) F.R. Schlechter (Sarcostemma cynanchoides J. Decaisne): Climbing Milkweed, Fringed Climbing Milkweed, Fringed Twinevine (terrestrial perennial herbaceous vine; within range reported from plains, and along washes, arroyos and streams 1,500 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Matelea arizonica (A. Gray) L.H. Shinners (Lachnostoma arizonicum A. Gray): Arizona Milkvine (terrestrial perennial herbaceous vine; within range reported from canyons and along washes and streams 3,500 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Asteraceae: The Aster Family

(Compositae: The Sunflower Family)

 

Acourtia nana (A. Gray) J.L. Reveal & G. King (Perezia nana A. Gray): Desert Holly, Dwarf Desertpeony (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, bajadas, slopes and gravelly flats below 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Acourtia wrightii (A. Gray) J.L. Reveal & G. King (Perezia wrightii A. Gray): Brownfoot, Desert Holly, Perezia, Pink Perezia (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, foothills, gravelly bajadas and flats below 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ambrosia ambrosioides (A.J. Cavanilles) F.W. Payne (Franseria ambrosioides A.J. Cavanilles): Ambrosia Leaf Burr Ragweed, Canyon Ragweed, Chicura, Leaf Burr Ragweed (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (under 4 feet high); within range reported from canyon bottoms, rocky slopes, rock crevices, roadsides, washes and streambeds below 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Ambrosia confertiflora A.P. de Condolle (Franseria confertiflora (A.P. de Condolle) P.A. Rydberg): Altamisa de Playa, Bursage Ragweed, Estafiate, Field Ragweed, Slimleaf Bursage, Weakleaf Burr Ragweed, Weak-leaved Burweed (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, slopes, roadsides, washes, floodplains and disturbed areas 1,000 to 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Ambrosia deltoidea (J. Torrey) F.W. Payne (Franseria deltoidea J. Torrey): Burrobush, Bursage, Chamizo Forrajero, Chicurilla, Rabbit Bush, Triangle Burr Ragweed, Triangle-leaf Bursage, Triangle-leaf Burr Ragweed (terrestrial evergreen perennial subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats and washes 1,000 to 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Artemisia dracunculus C. Linnaeus (Artemisia dracunculoides F.T. Pursh): Dragon Wormwood, False Tarragon, False-tarragon Sagewort, French Tarragon, Green Sagewort, Silky Wormwood, Tarragon, True Tarragon, Wormwood (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (under 2 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyon bottoms, bases of cliffs, slopes, ravines, hillsides, alluvial terraces, meadows, roadsides, washes, creekbeds and streambeds, rivers, floodplains and disturbed areas 3,500 to 9,000 feet elevation)

 

Artemisia ludoviciana T. Nuttall: Louisiana Cudweed Sagewort, Gray Sagewort, Louisiana Sagewort, Louisiana Wormwood, Mugwort Wormwood, Prairie Sage, Sagewort, White Sage, White Sagebrush (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (2 to 4 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, valleys, gulches, along washes and streambeds and fence rows 2,500 to 8,500 feet elevation; often on limestone)

 

Baccharis sarothroides A. Gray: Amargo, Broom Baccharis, Desert Broom, Desertbroom, Escoba, Hierba del Pasmo, Mexican Broom, Romerillo, Rosin Brush (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 10 feet high); within range reported from hills, flats, roadsides, along washes and streambeds, floodplains, bottom lands and disturbed areas 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, consider planting male plants only to eliminate seed production)

 

Bahia dissecta (A. Gray) N.L. Britton: Ragged-leaf False Goldfields, Ragleaf, Ragleaf Bahia, Yellow-ragweed (terrestrial annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, openings in forests, canyons and rocky knolls 5,000 to 9,000 feet elevation)

 

Baileya multiradiata W.H. Harvey & A. Gray ex A. Gray: Baileya del Desierto, Desert Baileya, Desert Marigold, Hierba Amarilla, Many-flowered Desert-marigold, Paper Daisy, Wild Marigold (terrestrial annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, bajadas, sandy gravelly flats, roadsides and washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Brickellia betonicifolia A. Gray: Betonyleaf Brickellbush (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, slopes, hillsides, rocky draws, along washes and streams and moist soils 4,500 to 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Brickellia californica (J. Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray: Brickellbush, California Brickellbush, Pachaba (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 5 feet high); within range reported from canyons, cliffs, rocky slopes and flats and along washes 3,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Brickellia coulteri A. Gray: Brickellbush, Coulter’s Brickellbush (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, floodplains and along washes and streambeds below 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Centaurea melitensis C. Linnaeus: Cardo, Malta Centaurea, Malta Thistle, Maltese Centaury, Maltese Cockspur, Malta Starthistle, Maltese Star-thistle, Napa Starthistle, Saucy Jack, Tocalote (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, roadsides, along washes, floodplains and disturbed areas below 7,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Encelia farinosa A. Gray ex J. Torrey: Brittlebush, Button Brittlebush, Goldenhills, Hierba Cenisa, Hierba de Gusano, Hierba de las Animas, Hierba del Vaso, Incienso, Rama Blanca, White Brittlebush (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, flats and washes below 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Encelia frutescens (A. Gray) A. Gray var. frutescens: Button Brittlebush, Green Brittlebush, Rayless Encelia (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, flats, roadsides and disturbed areas below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Ericameria laricifolia (A. Gray) L.H. Shinners (Haplopappus (Aplopappus) laricifolius A. Gray): Larch-leaf Goldenweed, Turpentine Bush, Turpentine Brush (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons, mesas, rocky slopes and flats 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Erigeron divergens J. Torrey & A. Gray: Diffuse Daisy, Fleabane, Fleabane Daisy, Green Rabbit Bush, Spreading Fleabane (terrestrial long lived annual or biennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides, along washes and floodplains 1,000 to 9,000 feet elevation)

 

Erigeron oreophilus J.M. Greenman: Chaparral Fleabane (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyon bottoms, cliffs, rocky ridges, slopes, rock crevices,  rock outcrops, among rocks and boulders, sandy benches, along streams and disturbed areas 4,500 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Eupatorium solidaginifolium A. Gray (Koanophyllon solidaginifolium (A. Gray) G. King & H.E. Robbins): Boneset, Shrubby Thoroughwort (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from rocky canyons and rocky slopes 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Filago californica T. Nuttall: California Cottonrose, California Filago, California Fluffweed, Herba Impia (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, hills and along washes 500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Gymnosperma glutinosum (C.P. Sprengel) C.F. Lessing (Selloa glutinosa C.P. Sprengel): Cola de Zorro, Escobilla, Glutinous Gymnosperma, Gumhead, Hierba Pegajosa, Jarilla, Jucu Ndede, Mariquita, Motita, Moto, Nakedseed Weed, Pegajosa, Tatalencho, Tata Lencho, Xonequilitl, Zazal (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 4 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, hillsides, washes and streambeds 1,000 feet to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Heterosperma pinnatum A.J. Cavanilles: Fineleaf, Wingpetal (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, among boulders, draws, flats, sandy washes, along rivers, lake beds and moist soils 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Hymenothrix wrightii A. Gray: Wright Hymenothrix, Wright’s Thimblehead (terrestrial biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, slopes, ravines, hillsides, roadsides, along washes and lakesides 4,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Isocoma tenuisecta E.L. Greene (Aplopappus tenuisectus (E.L. Greene) J. Blake, Haplopappus tenuisectus (E.L. Greene) J. Blake): Burroweed, Hierba del Burrow (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, roadsides and disturbed areas 2,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Machaeranthera canescens (F.T. Pursh) A. Gray subsp. canescens var. incana (J. Lindley) A. Gray (Aster tephrodes (A. Gray) J. Blake, Machaeranthera incana (J. Lindley) E.L. Greene): Cutleaf Goldenweed, Hoary Aster, Hoary Tansyaster, Purple Aster (terrestrial long lived annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from washes, floodplains and alluvial soils 150 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Packera neomexicana (A. Gray) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve, (Senecio neomexicanus A. Gray): New Mexico Groundsel (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mountains, plateaus, canyons, slopes, hillsides, meadows, flats, roadsides, drainage cuts, creek and stream banks and moist soils 3,000 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Porophyllum gracile G. Bentham: Deerweed, Hierba del Venado, Odora, Poreleaf, Slender Poreleaf (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, hills, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and washes below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Porophyllum ruderale (N.J. von Jacquin) A.H. de Cassini subsp. macrocephalum (A.P. de Condolle) R.R. Johnson (Porophyllum macrocephalum A.P. de Condolle): Yerba Porosa (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, rocky outcrops, hillsides, along streams and damp soils 3,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Pseudognaphalium canescens (A.P. de Condolle) W.A. Weber subsp. canescens (Gnaphalium wrightii A. Gray): Everlasting, Gordolobo, Wright’s Cudweed (terrestrial annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes and hills 3,500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Psilostrophe cooperi (A. Gray) E.L. Greene: Cooper Paperflower, Paper Daisy, Paper Flower, Whitestem Paperflower, Yellow Paper Daisy (terrestrial perennial subshrubor shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats and floodplains 2,000 to 5,000 feet; useful as an ornamental elevation)

 

Rafinesquia neomexicana A. Gray: Desert Chicory, Desert Dandelion, Goatsbeard, New Mexico Plumeseed (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes and plains 200 to 3,000 feet elevation)

 

Senecio lemmonii A. Gray: Groundsel; Lemmon Butterweed, Lemmon Groundsel, Lemmon’s Ragwort (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes and along washes 1,500 to 3,500 feet elevation)

 

Solidago velutina A.P. de Condolle (Solidago sparsiflora A. Gray): Sparse Goldenrod, Threenerve Goldenrod, Velvety Foothills Goldenrod (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, mesas, canyons and canyon bottoms, rocky slopes, hills, meadows, roadsides, springs and streambeds  2,000 to 8,500 feet elevation)

 

Sonchus oleraceus C. Linnaeus: Achicoria Dulce, Annual Sowthistle, Cerraja, Colewort, Common Sowthistle, Grespino Commune, Hare’s Lettuce, Kaalivalvatti, Milk Thistle, Smooth Sowthistle, Sowthistle (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, along washes, floodplains, moist ground and disturbed areas 150 to 7,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Stephanomeria pauciflora (J. Torrey) A. Nelson: Brownplume Wirelettuce, Desert Straw, Small-flowered Wirelettuce (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, plains, roadsides, along washes and floodplains 150 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Trixis californica A. Kellogg: American Threefold, American Trixis, Arizona Green Plant, California Trixis (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, among boulders and rocks, flats and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Verbesina encelioides (A.J. Cavanilles) G. Bentham & W.J. Hooker f. ex A. Gray subsp. exauriculata (B.J. Robinson & J.M. Greenman) J.R. Coleman: Butter-daisy, Cow Pasture Daisy, Cowpen Daisy, Crownbeard, Girasolillo, Golden Crownbeard, Hierba de la Bruja (terrestrial long lived annual or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, washes, floodplains and disturbed areas below 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Viguiera dentata (A.J. Cavanilles) C.P. Sprengel var. lancifolia J. Blake: Lanceleaf Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, canyons and canyon bottoms, rocky slopes, draws, along edges of arroyos, sandy washes, ditch banks 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Zinnia acerosa (A.P. de Condolle) A. Gray (Zinnia pumila A. Gray): Desert Zinnia, Spinyleaf Zinnia, White Zinnia, Wild Zinnia (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (under 1 foot high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and floodplains 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Bignoniaceae: The Trumpet-creeper Family

 

Chilopsis linearis (A.J. Cavanilles) R. Sweet subsp. arcuata (F.R. Fosberg) Henrickson (Chilopsis linearis (A.J. Cavanilles) R. Sweet var. arcuata F.R. Fosberg): Desert Catalpa, Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Jano, Mimbre, Western Desert-willow (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 25 feet high or more); within range reported from roadsides and along washes and streams below 6,000 feet elevation; useful in erosion control and as an ornamental)

 

Boraginaceae: The Borage Family

 

Amsinckia menziesii (J.G. Lehmann) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbride var, intermedia (F.E. von Fischer & C.A. Mey) F.R. Ganders (Amsinckia echinata A. Gray, Amsinckia intermedia F.E. von Fischer & C.A. Mey, Amsinckia intermedia F.E. von Fischer & C.A. Mey var. echinata (A. Gray) I.L. Wiggins): Coast Fiddleneck, Common Fiddleneck, Fiddleneck, Devil’s Lettuce, Fiddleneck, Finger Weed, Kurttukeltalemmikki, Menzies Fiddleneck, Ranchers Fireweed, Sacoto Gordo, Tarweed, Yellow Burnweed, Yellow Burrweed, Yellow Forget Me Not, Yellow Tarweed (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Cryptantha barbigera (A. Gray) E.L. Greene: Bearded Cat’s-eye, Bearded Cryptantha, Bearded Forget-me-not, Bearded Nievitas, Peluda (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly and sandy flats and washes below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Cryptantha pterocarya (J. Torrey) E.L. Greene: Wing-fruited Forget-me-not, Wingnut Cat’s-eye, Wingnut Cryptantha, Wingnut Nievitas, Peluda (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes and rocky and gravelly flats and along washes below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Pectocarya recurvata I.M. Johnston: Arched Bomb-bur, Archnut Combbur, Arch-nutted Combbur, Curvenut Combseed (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, flats and disturbed areas below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): The Mustard Family

 

Descurainia pinnata (T. Walter) N.L. Britton: Green Tansy Mustard, Pamita, Pinnate Tansy Mustard, Sirolitutilli, Tansy Mustard, Western Tansymustard, Yellow Tansy Mustard (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats, along washes and floodplains below 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Lepidium virginicum C. Linnaeus var. medium (E.L. Greene) C.L. Hitchcock (Lepidium medium E.L. Greene): Medium Pepperweed, Pepperweed (terrestrial annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from disturbed areas below 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Sisymbrium irio C. Linnaeus: London Rocket, Pamita, Pamiton, Rocket Mustard (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly flats, roadsides, floodplains and disturbed areas below 4,500 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Streptanthus carinatus C. Wright ex A. Gray: Lyreleaf Jewelflower, Lyreleaf Twistflower, Silver Bells (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes 1,500 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Thysanocarpus curvipes W.J. Hooker (Thysanocarpus curvipes W.J. Hooker var. elegans (F.E. von Fischer & C.A. Mey) B.L. Robinson; Thysanocarpus amplectens E.L. Greene): Lace Pod, Lacepod, Sand Fringepod (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, meadows, flats, along washes and floodplains below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Cactaceae: The Cactus Family

 

Carnegiea gigantea (G. Engelmann) N.L. Britton & J.N. Rose (Cereus giganteus G. Engelmann): Giant Cactus, Saguaro, Sahuaro (terrestrial perennial succulent tree (to 50  feet high or more); within range reported from canyon walls, rocky and gravelly slopes, ridges and foothills, rocky hill sides, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes and arroyos below 5,100 feet elevation; white-wing doves as well as other birds and animals feed on the saguaro seeds during fruiting season; Gila Woodpeckers and Gilded Flickers make holes in this plant for their nests which are later utilized by Elf Owls; useful as an ornamental)

 

Echinocereus fendleri (G. Engelmann) F. Seitz var. fasciculatus (G. Engelmann ex B.D. Jackson) N.P. Taylor (Echinocereus fasciculatus (G. Engelmann ex B.D. Jackson) L. Benson, Echinocereus fendleri (G. Engelmann) K.T. Rümpler var. robustus (R.H. Peebles) L. Benson, Mammillaria fasciculata G. Engelmann ex B.D. Jackson): Bundle Hedgehog Cactus, Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus, Robust Hedgehog Cactus (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (under 2 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes 2,000 to 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Echinocereus coccineus G. Engelmann var arizonicus (J.N. Rose ex C.R. Orcutt) W. Ferguson (Echinocereus triglochidiatus G. Engelmann var neomexicanus auct. non (P.C. Standley) W.T. Marshall): Arizona Hedgehog Cactus, Giant Claret-cup Hedgehog, Mexican Claret-cup Hedgehog (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 1 foot high); within range reported from among rocks 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ferocactus wislizeni (G. Engelmann) N.L. Britton & J.N. Rose: Arizona Barrel Cactus, Barrel Cactus, Bisnaga, Biznaga, Biznaga de Agua, Biznagre, Candy Barrelcactus, Compass Barrel, Compass Plant, Fishhook Barrel Cactus, Southwest Barrel Cactus, Southwestern Barrel Cactus, Visnaga, Wislizenus Barrel, Yellow-spined Barrel Cactus (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 11 feet high); within range reported from canyon walls, rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats and along washes and arroyos below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Mammillaria grahamii G. Engelmann var. grahamii (Mammillaria microcarpa G. Engelmann): Arizona Fishhook Cabeza de Viejo Cekida, Cactus, Biznaguita, Fishhook Cactus, Graham Fishhook, Graham’s Nipple Cactus, Graham Pincushion Cactus, Lizard Catcher (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (under 6 inches high); within range reported from rocky slopes, rock outcrops, rocky hillsides, boulder crevices, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Mammillaria viridiflora (N.L. Britton & J.N. Rose) F. Böedeker (Mammillaria orestera L. Benson): Fishhook Pincushion, Green Fishhook, Greenflower Nipple Cactus, Green-flowered Pincushion Cactus, Varied Fishhook Cactus (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (under 6 inches high); within range reported from sandy soils on mountainsides and rocky slopes and hillsides; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia acanthocarpa G. Engelmann & J. Bigelow var. major (G. Engelmann & J. Bigelow) L. Benson (Opuntia acanthocarpa G. Engelmann & Bigelow var. ramosa Peebles): Buckhorn Cholla, Major Cholla (terrestrial perennial succulent treelike subshrub or shrub (to 5 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes 500 to 3,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia arbuscula G. Engelmann: Arizona Pencil Cholla, Bush Pencil Cholla, Pencil Cholla (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 9 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes and arroyos 1,000 to 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia bigelovii G. Engelmann: Arizona Jumping Cactus, Ball Cholla, Cholla Guera, Jumping Cholla, Teddy Bear Cactus, Teddybear Cholla (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 9 feet high); within range reported from mountainsides, canyons, rocky slopes, talus slopes, hillsides, bajadas, plains, flats and along washes and arroyos below 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia chlorotica G. Engelmann & J. Bigelow: Dollarjoint Pricklypear, Nopal, Nopal Rastrera, Pancake Pear, Pancake Prickly-pear, Silver-dollar Cactus, Smooth Clock-face Pricklypear (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 6 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, ledges, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas, hills, flats and valleys 2,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia engelmannii J.F. Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck var. engelmannii (Opuntia phaeacantha G. Engelmann var. discata (D. Griffiths) L. Benson & D.L. Walkington): Abrojo, Cactus Apple, Desert Pricklypear Cactus, Engelmann Pricklypear, Flaming Pricklypear, Joconostle, Nopal, Prickly Pear, Vela de Coyote (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 4 feet high); within range reported from canyon bottoms, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas, slopes, benches, rocky and gravelly flats, valleys, and along washes, gullies and arroyos 1,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; provides cover for many desert animals)

 

Opuntia fulgida G. Engelmann var. fulgida: Chain Cholla, Chain-fruit Cholla, Cholla, Cholla Brincadora, Choya, Jumping Cholla, Sonora Jumping Cholla, Velas de Ccoyote (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 15 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes below 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia fulgida G. Engelmann var. mammillata (H.W. Schott ex G. Engelmann) T. Coulter: Cholla Brincadora, Cholla, Jumping Cholla, Smooth Chain-fruit Cholla, Velas de Coyote (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 15 feet high); within range reported from hills, bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes below 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia leptocaulis A.P. de Candolle: Agujilla, Christmas Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Darning Needle Cactus, Desert Christmas Cactus, Desert Christmas Cholla, Holycross Cholla, Pipestem Cactus, Rattail Cactus, Tajasilla, Tasajillo, Tesajo (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, valleys, along washes and arroyos and bottomlands and floodplains 200 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia phaeacantha G. Engelmann var. major G. Engelmann: Abrojo, Joconostle, Major Pricklypear, Mojave Pricklypear, Nopal, Sprawling Prickly Pear, Vela de Coyote, Yellow Pricklypear (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 5 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, flats and valleys in sandy, gravelly or rocky soils 1,000 to 7,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; provides cover for many desert animals)

 

Opuntia santa-rita (D. Griffiths & R.F. Hare) J.N. Rose (Opuntia violacea G. Engelmann ex B.D. Jackson var. santa-rita (D. Griffiths & R.F. Hare) L. Benson: Blue Blade, Dollar Cactus, Duraznilla, Nopal Morado, Purple Pricklypear, Red Blade Pricklypear, Santa Rita Cactus, Santa Rita Pricklypear (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 5 feet high); within range reported from canyons, ridges, bajadas, slopes, flats and valleys 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, observed as an escaped and naturalized ornamental)

 

Opuntia spinosior (G. Engelmann) J.W. Toumey: Cane Cholla, Cardenche, Handgrip Cholla, Spiny Cholla, Tasajo, Walkingstick Cactus, Walking Stick Cholla (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 10 feet high); within range reported from mountainsides, canyons, hills, bajadas, gravelly flats, valleys, along washes and arroyos and floodplains 1,000 to 5,000+ feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia tetracantha J.W. Toumey (Opuntia kleiniae A.P. de Candolle var. tetracantha (J.W. Toumey) W.T. Marshall): Candle Cholla, Four-spined Cholla, Klein Pencil Cholla, Pencil Joint Cholla, Tucson Cholla (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 7 fee high); within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas, rocky and gravelly flats and along washes 2,000 to 3,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Opuntia versicolor G. Engelmann ex T. Coulter: Deer Horn Cactus, Deer Horn Cholla, Staghorn Cholla, Tree Cholla (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub, shrub or tree (to 15 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, bajadas, gravelly flats, valleys and along washes and arroyos 1,000 to 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, varied flower colors between plants and the  cascading sometimes purplish to reddish colored branches with pendulous bright yellow fruits make this an attractive plant)

 

Peniocereus greggii (G. Engelmann) N.L. Britton & J.N. Rose var. transmontanus (G. Engelmann) Backeberg: Arizona Queen of the Night, Chaparral Cactus, Deerhorn Cactus, Desert Night-blooming Cereus, Desert Threadcereus, Nightblooming Cereus, Queen of the Night, Reina de la noche (terrestrial perennial succulent subshrub or shrub (to 8 feet high); within range reported from bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes 1,000 to 3,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, plant under desert shrubs such as the Creosote Bush, Foothill Paloverde and Velvet Mesquite for support and protection, the large (2-3 inch) flowers are very fragrant)

 

Caryophyllaceae: The Pink Family

 

Silene antirrhina C. Linnaeus: Catchfly, Desert Sleepy Catchfly, Sleepy Catchfly, Sleepy Silene (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, rocky and gravelly flats and along washes and streambeds below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Chenopodiaceae: The Goosefoot Family

 

Atriplex canescens (F.T. Pursh) T. Nuttall: Cenizo, Chamiso, Chamiso Cenizo, Chamiza, Costilla de Vaca, Four-wing Saltbush, Narrow-leaf Saltbush, Narrowleaf Wingscale, Thinleaf Fourwing Saltbush, Grey Sage Brush, Orache, Saladillo, Wngscale (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub (3 to 6 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly and sandy flats and along washes below 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental and in controlling erosion)

 

Chenopodium graveolens C.L. von Wildenow (Chenopodium incisum J.L. Poiret): Fetid Goosefoot, Ragleaf Goosefoot (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, plateaus, canyons, sandy terraces,  slopes, ridges and among rocks, 5,000 to 9,000 feet elevation; turns bright red in autumn providing fall color)

 

Chenopodium neomexicanum P.C. Standley var. neomexicanum (Chenopodium arizonicum P.C. Standley): Choal, Fishy Goosefoot, New Mexico Goosefoot (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes and along washes 4,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Salsola tragus C. Linnaeus (Salsola iberica Sennen & C. Pau, Salsola kali C. Linnaeus var. tenuifolia (H. Tausch) P. Aellen, Salsola kali C. Linnaeus subsp. tragus (C. Linnaeus) P. Aellen): Cardo Ruso, Chamiso, Chamiso Valador, Coast Saltwort, Common Russian Thistle, Prickly Russian Thistle, Russian Thistle, Tumbleweed, Tumbling Thistle, Volador, Wind Witch (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, along washes, floodplains and disturbed areas 150 to 7,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Commelinaceae: The Spiderwort Family

 

Tradescantia occidentalis (N.L. Britton) B.B. Smyth: Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes and clearings in forests 2,500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Convolvulaceae: The Morning-glory Family

 

Evolvulus alsinoides (C. Linnaeus) C. Linnaeus: Evolvulus, Arizona Blue Eyes, Dio de Vibora, Slender Dwarf Morning-glory (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes and along washes 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ipomoea barbatisepala A. Gray: Canyon Morning-glory (terrestrial annual herb or vine; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, shallow ravines and along sandy washes 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Ipomoea cristulata E.H. Hallier f.: Scarlet Creeper, Scarlet Morning Glory, Star Glory Morning-glory, TransPecos Morning-glory (terrestrial annual herb or vine; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and along washes 3,400 to 4,700 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Ipomoea ternifolia A.J. Cavanilles var. leptotoma (J. Torrey) J.A. McDonald (Ipomoea leptotoma J. Torrey): Bird’s Foot Morning-glory, Tripleleaf Morning-glory (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, flats and washes 3,000 to 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Jacquemontia pringlei A. Gray: Pringle’s Clustervine (terrestrial perennial vine, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and woodlands 3,000 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Crassulaceae: The Stonecrop Family

 

Crassula connata J. Miers (Tillaea erecta W.J. Hooker & G.A. Arnott): Pygmy Stonecrop, Pygmy Weed, Sand Pygmyweed (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from gravelly flats, seeps, washes, streambeds and moist soil 1,500 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Crossosomataceae: The Crossosoma Family

 

Crossosoma bigelovii S. Watson: Bigelow Ragged Rock-flower, Crossosoma, Ragged Rockflower, Rhyolite Bush (terrestrial perennial shrub; within range reported from canyons, crevices of cliff faces, rocky slopes, hillsides and along washes 1,500 to 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Cucurbitaceae: The Cucumber Family

 

Marah gilensis E.L. Greene: Big Root, Gila Manroot, Wild Cucumber (terrestrial perennial herb or vine; within range reported from washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Cyperaceae: The Sedge Family

 

Cyperus fendlerianus J.O. Boeckeler: Fendler’s Faltsedge, Fendler Nutgrass, Tuberroot Flatsedge (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, slopes, ridge tops, gravelly ridges, among rocks, meadows, springs, creeks and creek terraces, along streams and shallow depressions 4,500 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Cyperus mutisii (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) A.H. Grisebach: Mutis’ Flatsedge (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes and streambeds 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Cyperus squarrosus C. Linnaeus: (Cyperus aristatus C.F. Rottboll). Awned Cyperus, Awned Flat Sedge, Bearded Flatsedge, Dwarf Sedge, Umbrella Sedge (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from canyons and wet ground 2,500 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Ephedraceae: The Mormon-tea Family

 

Ephedra trifurca J. Torrey ex S. Watson: Canatilla, Canitilla, Desert Ephedra, Desert Joint-fir, Itama Real, Longleaf Ephedra, Longleaf Joint-fir, Mexican Tea, Mormon Tea, Popotilla, Popotillo, Tepopote, Teposote (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 15 feet high); within range reported from mesas, gravelly slopes, bajadas, plains, flats, sand hills, dunes, and along sandy washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Euphorbiaceae: The Spurge Family

 

Chamaesyce arizonica (G. Engelmann) J.C. Arthur (Euphorbia arizonica G. Engelmann): Arizona Euphorbia, Arizona Sandmat, Arizona Spurge, Spurge (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats and along washes 1,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia (C. Linnaeus) J.K. Small (Euphorbia hyssopifolia C. Linnaeus): Hyssopleaf Euphorbia, Hyssopleaf Sandmat, Hyssop Spurge, (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, soil pockets on rock outcrops, gravelly flats, roadsides and along washes 1,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Chamaesyce melandenia (J. Torrey) C.F. Millspaugh (Euphorbia melanadenia J. Torrey): Red-gland Spurge, Squaw Spurge, Squaw Sandmat, Spurge (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, hillsides and flats 500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Jatropha cardiophylla (J. Torrey) J. Müller Argoviensis: Limber Bush, Matacora, Sangre de Cristo, Sangre-de-drago, Sangregrado, Sangrengado, Torote (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub (to 5 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, foothills, bajadas, plains and along washes and arroyos 2,000 to 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, emerald green leaves appear around the time of the first rains and then provide color when the leaves turn gold in the fall)

 

Fabaceae (Leguminosae): The Pea Family

 

Acacia angustissima (P. Miller) C.E. Kuntze var. hirta (T. Nuttall) C.A. Robbins: Barbus de Chivo, Cantemo, Fern Acacia, Guajillo, Palo de Pulque, Prairie Acacia, Siraku K’amataraku, Timbe, Timben, Timbre, Whiteball Acacia (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 4 feet high); within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes and washes 3,000 to 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Acacia constricta G. Bentham: Chaparro Prieto, Common Whitethorn, Garabato, Gigantillo, Huisache, Largoncillo, Mescat Acacia, Vara Prieta, Vinorama, Whitethorn Acacia, White Thorn (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 10 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats, floodplains and along washes and arroyos 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, the flowers are fragrant)

 

Acacia greggii A. Gray var. greggii (Acacia greggii A. Gray, Acacia greggii A. Gray var. arizonica P.T. Isley): Algarroba, Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Devil’s Claw, Gatuno, Gregg Catclaw, Tear Blanket, Tepame, Tesota, Una de Gato (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 23 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, floodplains and along sandy washes and streams below 4,500 feet elevation: useful as an ornamental)

 

Astragalus nothoxys A. Gray: Crazyweed, Halfmoon Locoweed, Loco; Locoweed, Poisonvetch, Rattleweed, Sheep Loco, Sheep Milkvetch (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, slopes and plains 1,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Calliandra eriophylla G. Bentham var. eriophylla: Cabelleto de Angel, Cabeza Angel, Fairyduster, False Mesquite, False Mesquite Calliandra, Guajillo, Hairy-leaved Calliandra, Huajillo, Mesquitilla (terrestrial perennial deciduous subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; browsed by wildlife.)

 

Coursetia glandulosa A. Gray (Coursetia microphylla A. Gray): Baby Bonnets, Chino, Chipile, Chipilillo, Coursetia, Cousamo, Lac Bush, Samo Prieto, Rosary Babybonnets, Samota, Tepechipile (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub (to 17 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, bajadas, flats, among rocks in among rocks in canyon bottoms, rocky slopes and along washes below 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Dalea albiflora A. Gray: Scruffy Prairie Clover, White Dalea, Whiteflower Prairie Clover: (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from clearings in forests, gravelly slopes, roadsides and streambeds 3,500 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Dalea pringlei A. Gray: Pringle Indigo Bush, Pringle’s Prairie Clover (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mountains, rocky slopes, hills, sandy banks and disturbed areas 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Erythrina flabelliformis T.H. Kearney: Chilicote, Coralbean, Coral Tree, Indian-bean, Southwestern Coralbean, Western Coral-bean (terrestrial perennial shrub or tree (to 15 feet high); within range reported from mountains, rocky slopes, among boulders and rocky hillsides 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation, useful as an ornamental but is very sensitive to frosts, seeds are poisonous)

 

Lotus humistratus E.L. Greene: Foothill Deervetch, Hill Deervetch, Hill Lotus, Foothill Deervetch (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas and gravelly flats below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Lotus plebeius (A. Brand) R.C. Barneby (Lotus oroboides auct. non (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) A.M. Ottley): New Mexico Bird’s-foot-trefoil (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from woodlands and gravelly slopes 5,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Lotus rigidus (G. Bentham) E.L. Greene: Desert Rock Pea, Shrubby Deervetch, Wiry Lotus (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Lupinus concinnus J.G. Agardh subsp. concinnus: Annual Lupine, Bajada Lupine, Bluebonnet, Elegant Lupine, Lupine, Scarlet Lupine (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Lupinus sparsiflorus G. Bentham var. sparsiflorus: Arizona Lupine, Coulter Lupine, Desert Lupine, Mojave Lupine (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, foothills, bajadas, flats, roadsides and along washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Marina parryi (J. Torrey & A. Gray) R.C. Barneby (Dalea parryi J. Torrey & A. Gray): Parry Dalea, Parry Indigo Pea, Parry Marina, Parry’s False Prairie-clover (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet or more high); within range reported from rocky slopes and roadsides; useful as an ornamental)

 

Medicago polymorpha C. Linnaeus (Medicago hispida J. Gaertner, Medicago polymorpha C. Linnaeus var. vulgaris (G. Bentham) L.H. Shinners): Burclover, California Bur Clover, Medic (terrestrial winter annual or perennial herb or vine; within range reported from roadsides, cienegas and moist areas below 5,500 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Nissolia schottii (J. Torrey) A. Gray: Schott’s Yellowhood (terrestrial perennial herb, vine or subshrub; within range reported from canyons rocky slopes and along washes 2,500 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Parkinsonia florida (G. Bentham ex A. Gray) S. Watson (Cercidium floridum G. Bentham): Blue Paloverde, Paloverde (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 30 feet high); within range reported from canyons, hills, bajadas, slopes, flats, roadsides, floodplains and along sandy washes below 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental with a very showy display of yellow flowers in the spring; twigs and seed pods are browsed by wildlife, seeds are eaten by birds and rodents; useful in controlling erosion)

 

Parkinsonia microphylla J. Torrey (Cercidium microphyllum (J. Torrey) J.N. Rose & I.M. Johnston): Dipua, Foothill Paloverde, Hillside Paloverde, Horsebean, Little Horsebean, Little Leaf Horsebean, Little Leaf Paloverde, Paloverde, Yellow Paloverde (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 25 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, hillsides, gravelly bajadas and gravelly flats below 4,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Phaseolus acutifolius A. Gray var. latifolius G.F. Freeman: Frijol, Tepary Bean, Wild Tepary Bean, Texas Bean (terrestrial annual herb or vine; within range reported from disturbed areas 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Prosopis velutina E.O. Wooton (Prosopis juliflora (O. Swartz) A.P. de Condolle var. velutina (E.O. Wooton) C.S. Sargent): Algarroba, Chachaca, Mesquite, Mezquite, Velvet Mesquite (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (20 to 50 feet high); within range reported from mesas, canyons, bajadas, slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, along washes and streams and floodplains below 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; provides food and shelter for many species of wildlife)

 

Vicia ludoviciana T. Nuttall subsp. ludoviciana (Vicia exigua T. Nuttall): Louisiana Vetch, Slender Vetch, Slim Vetch, Vetch (terrestrial annual herb or vine; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes and along washes and streambeds below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Fagaceae: The Beech Family

 

Quercus arizonica C.S. Sargent: Arizona Oak, Arizona White Oak, Roble (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or tree (30 to 60 or more feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, slopes, woodlands and foothills 5,000 to7,600 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, one of the largest of the southwestern oaks)

 

Quercus chrysolepis F.M. Liebmann: Canyon Live Oak, Canyon Oak, Goldcup Oak, Maul Oak (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or tree (20 to 100 feet high); within range reported from canyons and rocky, gravelly and sandy slopes 5,500 to 7,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Quercus emoryi J. Torrey: Blackjack Oak, Black Oak, Bellota, Emory Oak (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or tree (to 50 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons and canyon bottoms, ridges, slopes, woodlands and foothills 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; the acorns “bellotas” are eaten by wildlife and the leaves are browsed by deer)

 

Quercus hypoleucoides A. Camus: Silverleaf Oak, Whiteleaf Oak (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or tree (30 to 65 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, woodlands, and slopes 5,000 to 8,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Quercus oblongifolia J. Torrey: Mexican Blue Oak (terrestrial perennial shrub or tree (to 26 feet high); within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, foothills and streambeds 4,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; leaves are browsed by deer)

 

Fouquieriaceae: The Ocotillo Family

 

Fouquieria splendens G. Engelmann: Albarda, Barda, Candle Bush, Candle Wood, Coach Whip, Flamingsword, Jacob’s Staff, Monkey-tail, Ocotillo, Ocotillo del Corral, Slimwood, Vine Cactus (terrestrial perennial shrub (7 to 33 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains and gravelly flats below 6,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; a preferred food plant of Costa’s Hummingbird)

 

Garryaceae: The Silktassel Family

 

Garrya wrightii J. Torrey: Coffeeberry-bush, Feverbush, Grayleaf Dogwood, Quinine-bush, Wright’s Silktassel (terrestrial perennial shrub; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and chaparral 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation; plants are browsed by deer and Bighorn Sheep)

 

Geraniaceae: The Geranium Family

 

Erodium cicutarium (C. Linnaeus) C.L. L'Héritier de Brutelle: Afilaree, Alfilaria, Alfilerilla, Alfilerillo, Clocks, Common Stork’s Bill, Filaree, Heron Bill, Red-stem Filaree, Redstem Stork’s Bill (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from mesas, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, roadsides and disturbed areas below 7,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Hydrangeaceae: The Hydrangea Family

 

Fendlera rupicola A. Gray: Cliff Fendlerbush, False Mockorange (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 6 feet high); within range reported from canyons and rocky and gravelly slopes 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; browsed by deer and Bighorn Sheep)

 

Hydrophyllaceae: The Waterleaf Family

 

Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia (G. Bentham) E.L. Greene var. bipinnatifida (J. Torrey) L. Constance: Common Eucrypta, Spotted Hideseed, Torrey Eucrypta (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes and flats below 3,000 feet elevation)

 

Eucrypta micrantha (J. Torrey) A.A. Heller: Dainty Desert Hideseed, Peluda, Smallflower Eucrypta, Small-flowered Eucrypta (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes and gravelly flats below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Phacelia distans G. Bentham (Phacelia distans G. Bentham var. australis A. Brand): Blue Phacelia, Caterpillar Phacelia, Distant Phacelia, Fern-leaf Phacelia, Scorpionweed, Wild Heliotrope (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides and along washes 1,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Phacelia ramosissima D. Douglas ex J.G. Lehmann: Branching Phacelia (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from canyons 2,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Krameriaceae: The Ratany Family

 

Krameria grayi J.N. Rose & W.H. Painter: Chacate, Cosahui, Gray Rantany, White Ratany (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and plains below 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae): The Mint Family

 

Hedeoma dentata J. Torrey: Dentate False Pennyroyal, Mock-pennyroyal (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes 4,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Hyptis emoryi J. Torrey: Bee Sage, Desert Lavender, Salvia (terrestrial perennial shrub (to 10 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, among boulders and along sandy washes below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Salvia columbariae G. Bentham var. columbariae: California Sage, Chia (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along sandy washes below 3,500 feet elevation)

 

Liliaceae: The Lily Family

 

Dichelostemma capitatum (G. Bentham) W. Wood subsp. pauciflorum (J. Torrey) G. Keator (Dichelostemma pulchellum (R.A. Salisbury) A.A. Heller var. pauciflorum (J. Torrey) R.F. Hoover): Bluedicks, Brodiaea, Covena, Coveria, Desert Hyacinth, Few-flowered Covena, Grass Nuts, Papago Lily, Purplehead, Wild Hyacinth terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas and gravelly flats below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Loasaceae: Blazingstar Family

 

Mentzelia asperula E.O. Wooton & P.C. Standley: Oregon Mountain Blazing Star (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas and slopes 4,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Mentzelia jonesii (I. Urban & E.F. Gilg) H.J. Thompson & J.W. Roberts (Mentzelia nitens E.L. Greene var. jonesii (I. Urban & E.F. Gilg) J. Darlington): Blazingstar, Jones’ Blazingstar (terrestrial annual herb or vine; within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes below 3,000 feet elevation)

 

Malpighiaceae: The Barbados-cherry Family

 

Janusia gracilis A. Gray: Desert Vine, Fermina, Slender Janusia (terrestrial perennial vine or woody climber; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas and gravelly flats; useful as an ornamental 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Malvaceae: The Mallow Family

 

Abutilon abutiloides (N.J. von Jacquin) C.A. Garcke ex N.L. Britton & W.M. Wilson: Berlandier Abutilon, Indian Mallow, Shrubby Indian Mallow (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from bajadas and along washes; food and nesting plant of the caterpillar of the Arizona Powdered-skipper)

 

Abutilon incanum (J.H. Link) R. Sweet: Hoary Abutilon, Hoary Indian Mallow, Indian Mallow, Pelotazo, Pelotazo Chico, Tronadora (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub (to 6 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes 1,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Gossypium thurberi A. Todaro: Algodoncillo, Desert Cotton, Thurber’s Cotton, Thurberia, Wild Cotton, Wild Desert Cotton (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (3 to 12 feet high); within range reported from canyons, gravelly and rocky slopes and along washes, streambeds and ditches 2,500 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Herissantia crispa (C. Linnaeus) G.K. Brizicky (Abutilon crispum (C. Linnaeus) F.K. Medikus; Bogenhardia crispa (C. Linnaeus) T.H. Kearney, Gayoides crispum (C. Linnaeus) J.K. Small): Bladdermallow, Curly Abutilon, False Indian Mallow, Netvein Herissantia (terrestrial annual or perennial herb, vine or subshrub; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and gravelly flats below 3,500 feet elevation; food and nesting plant of the caterpillar of the Erichson’s White-skipper)

 

Hibiscus biseptus S. Watson: Arizona Rosemallow, Malvita, Sonoran Rose Mallow (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from canyons and rocky slopes and hills 3,000 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Sphaeralcea fendleri A. Gray: Fendler’s Globemallow (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from gravelly slopes, forests, woodlands and streambeds 3,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Sphaeralcea laxa E.O. Wooton & P.C. Standley: Caliche Globemallow, Mal de Ojo (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and roadsides 2,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Nyctaginaceae: The Four-o’clock Family

 

Allionia incarnata C. Linnaeus: Guapile, Herba de la Hormiga, Pink Three-flower, Trailing Allionia, Trailing Four O’Clock, Trailing Windmills, Umbrella Wort, Windmills (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats, along washes and disturbed sites below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Boerhavia coccinea P. Miller: Indian Boerhaavia, Red Spiderling, Scarlet Spiderling, Wine Flower (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, flats and along washes below 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Boerhavia erecta C. Linnaeus: Erect Spiderling, Five Winged Spiderling, Mochi, Spiderling (terrestrial summer annual or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, soil pockets in rock outcrops, along washes and damp soil in streambeds 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Mirabilis bigelovii A. Gray var. bigelovii: Desert Four O’Clock, Desert Wishbone Bush, Neakstem Four O’Clock, Wishbone-bush (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 2 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and flats below 3,000 feet elevation)

 

Onagraceae: The Evening-primrose Family

 

Camissonia californica (T. Nuttall ex J. Torrey & A. Gray) J.E. Raven (Oenothera leptocarpa E.L. Greene): California Suncup, Mustard Camissonia, Mustard Evening Primrose (terrestrial winter annual or perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, plains, flats and along washes below 4,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Epilobium canum (E.L. Greene) J.E. Raven subsp. latifolia (W.J.Hooker) J.E. Raven (Zauschneria californica K. Presl subsp. latifolia (W.J. Hooker) K. Keck): Arizona Trumpet, California Firechalice, California Fuchsia, Hummingbird Trumpet (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, ridges, among rocks, along washes and damp soils 2,500 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; flowers provide food for hummingbirds)

 

Oenothera elata K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth subsp. hirsutissima (A. Gray ex S Watson) W. Dietrich: (Oenothera hookeri J. Torrey & A. Gray subsp. hewettii T.D. Cockerell,  Oenothera hookeri J. Torrey & A. Gray subsp. hirsutissima (A. Gray ex S Watson) P.A. Munz): Hooker’s Evening Primrose, Yellow Flowered Evening-primrose (terrestrial biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from damp places in mountains, slopes, clearings in forests and woodlands, plains, roadsides, springs, streambeds and pools 3,500 to 9,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Pineaceae: The Pine Family

 

Pinus discolor D.K. Bailey & F.G. Hawksworth: Border Pinyon, Nut Pine, Pinyon Pine (terrestrial perennial evergreen tree (15 to 50 feet high); within range reported from mountains, mesas, plateaus, rocky slopes, among boulders and along streambeds 5,000 to 7,500 feet elevation; the seeds are eaten by wildlife; useful as an ornamental)

 

Pinus ponderosa P. & C. Lawson: Blackjack Pine, Interior Ponderosa Pine, Ponderosa Pine, Rocky Mountain Ponderosa Pine, Western Yellow Pine, Yellow Pine (terrestrial perennial evergreen tree (80 to 150 feet high); within range reported from high mountains, canyons, slopes and ridges 3,500 to 9,500 feet elevation; the seeds are eaten by wildlife; useful as an ornamental)

 

Plantaginaceae: The Plantain Family

 

Plantago patagonica N.J. von Jacquin (Plantago patagonica N.J. von Jacquin var. gnaphaloides (T. Nuttall) A. Gray, Plantago purshii J.J. Roemer & J.A. Schultes): Bristle Bract Plantain, Indian Wheat, Pastora, Pursh Plantain, Woolly Plantain (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and damp soil in streambeds 1,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Poaceae (Gramineae): The Grass Family

 

Aristida adscensionis C. Linnaeus: Sixweeks Threeawn, Six-weeks Three-awn Grass, Zacate Cola de Zorra, Zacate Tres Barbas (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from mesas, plateaus, canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, flats, roadsides, along washes and streams and disturbed areas below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Aristida purpurea T. Nuttall var. parishii (A.S. Hitchcock) K.W. Allred (Aristida parishii A.S. Hitchcock): Parish’s Threeawn, Threeawn (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, hills and flats 1,500 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Aristida ternipes A.J. Cavanilles: Spidergrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, plateaus, rocky and gravelly slopes, hills, gravelly and sandy bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides and disturbed areas below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Avena fatua C. Linnaeus: Flaxgrass, Oatgrass, Wheat Oats, Wild Oat (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, sandy bajadas, roadsides, along washes, low-lying areas and disturbed areas below 8,250 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Bouteloua aristidoides (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) A.H. Grisebach: Aceitilla, Navajita, Needle Grama, Six-weeks Needle Grama, Zacate Saitillo (terrestrial summer annual herb; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes and streambeds below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Bouteloua curtipendula (A. Michaux) J. Torrey: Navajita Banderilla, Sideoats Grama (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes and hills below 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Bouteloua hirsuta M. Lagasca y Segura: Hairy Grama (terrestrial perennial grass; within range reported from sandy mesas, rocky and gravelly slopes and rocky hills 1,000 to 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Bouteloua repens (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) F.L. Scribner & E.D. Merrill (Bouteloua filiformis (E.P. Fournier) D. Griffiths): Navajta Rastrera, Large Mesquite Grama, Slender Grama, Zacate Sabanilla (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, foothills, flats, roadsides and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Bromus rubens C. Linnaeus: Bromo, Bromo Rojo, Foxtail Brome, Foxtail Chess, Red Brome (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides, waste places and disturbed areas 1,300 to 5,500 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Cottea pappophoroides K.S. Kunth:  Cotta Grass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, hills, sandy bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, along washes and floodplains 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Cynodon dactylon (C. Linnaeus) C.H. Persoon: Bermudagrass, Devil Grass, European Bermuda Grass, Pata de Gallo, Zacate Bermuda, Zacate Ingles (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, roadsides, seeps, moist soil along washes, streambeds, cienegas and disturbed areas below 6,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Dasyochloa pulchella (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) C.L. von Wildenow x P.A. Rydberg (Erioneuron pulchellum (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) T. Tateoka, Tridens pulchellus (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) A.S. Hitchcock): Desert Fluffgrass, Fluffgrass, Low Woollygrass, Zacate Borreguero (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, rocky hills, gravelly bajadas and gravelly flats below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Digitaria californica (G. Bentham) J.S. Henrickson (Trichachne californica (G. Bentham) M.A. Chase): Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, Cotton-top, Zacate Punta Blanca (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes and gravelly flats 1,000 to 6,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Enneapogon desvauxii A.M. Palisot de Beauvois: Feather Pappusgrass, Nineawn Pappusgrass, Spike Pappusgrass, Wright Pappusgrass, Zacate Ladera, Zacate Lobero (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, hills, gravelly bajadas, plains and gravelly flats 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Eragrostis cilianensis (C. Allioni) F. Vignolo-Lutati ex E.E. Janchen: Candygrass, Lovegrass, Stinkgrass, Stinking Lovegrass, Strong-scented Lovegrass, Zacate Apestoso (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, sandy flats, roadsides, gravelly soils along trails, along washes, damp soil in streambeds, bottomlands and disturbed areas below 6,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Eragrostis intermedia A.S. Hitchcock: Plains Lovegrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, hills, plains and flats 3,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Eragrostis lehmanniana C.G. Nees von Esenbeck: Lehmann Lovegrass, Zacate Africano, Zacate de Amor (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides, along sandy washes and disturbed areas. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Heteropogon contortus (C. Linnaeus) A.M. Palisot de Beauvois ex J.J. Roemer & J.A. Schultes: Barba Negra, Tanglehead, Tanglehead Grass, Retorcido Moreno, Zacate Colorado (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, ravines, plains, flats, roadsides and along washes 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Hordeum murinum C. Linnaeus subsp. glaucum (E.G. von Steudel) N.N. Tzvelev (Hordeum stebbinsii Covas): Barley, Smooth Barley, Wild Barley (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, along washes and disturbed areas. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Koeleria nitida (C.F. von Ledebour) J.A. Schultes: Mountain Junegrass, Prairie Junegrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, rocky and gravelly slopes, open forests, woodlands, plains and rocky soil 4,000 to 9,000 feet elevation)

 

Lycurus setosus (T. Nuttall) C.O. Reeder: Bristly Wolfstail (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from open mesas and rocky and gravelly slopes below 5,800 feet elevation)

 

Muhlenbergia emersleyi G. Vasey: Bullgrass, Cola de Zorra (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, flats and along washes and among rocks in streambeds)

 

Muhlenbergia longiligula A.S. Hitchcock: Longtongue Muhly (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mountains, canyons, rocky slopes, ledges and streambeds 5,000 to 9,000 feet elevation)

 

Muhlenbergia microsperma (A.P. de Condolle) C.B. von Trinius: Liendrilla Chica, Littleseed Muhly (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly flats and along washes below 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Muhlenbergia porteri F.L. Scribner ex W.J. Beal: Bush-grass, Bush Muhly, Mesquitegrass, Zacate Aparejo (terrestrial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly flats and along washes 2,000 to 5,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Muhlenbergia rigens (G. Bentham) A.S. Hitchcock: Deer Grass, Deergrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from plateaus, canyons, rocky slopes, meadows, flats and along washes and streambeds 2,500 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) C.B. von Trinius (Muhlenbergia monticola S.B. Buckley): Mesa Muhly, Slimflower Muhly (terrestrial annual, biennial or perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, dry rocky slopes, ledges and rocky hills 5,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Pennisetum ciliare (C. Linnaeus) J.H. Link: African Foxtail, Anjangrass, Buffelgrass, Bufle, Zacate Buffle (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas, roadsides, along washes and disturbed areas. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Pennisetum setaceum (P. Forsskal) E. Chiovenda (Pennisetum ruppelii E.G. von Steudel): African Fountain Grass, Annual Fountain Grass, Crimson Fountaingrass, Fountain Grass, Plumitas, Purple Fountain Grass Tender Fountain Grass, Zacate de la Fuente (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, bajadas, flats, roadsides, washes, streams, creeks and disturbed areas. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Piptochaetium fimbriatum (K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth) A.S. Hitchcock: Pinyon Ricegrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from dry slopes, limestone cliffs, forests, rocky hills and woodlands 4,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Poa bigelovii G. Vasey & F.L. Scribner: Bigelow’s Bluegrass, Zacate Azule Nativo (terrestrial winter annual or biennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky and gravelly slopes, bajadas, gravelly flats and along washes 1,000 to 3,000 feet elevation)

 

Poa fendleriana (E.G. von Steudel) G. Vasey: Fendler Bluegrass, Muttongrass (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes, forests, woodlands and streambeds 3,500 to 10,500 feet elevation; valuable as a forage plant for wildlife)

 

Schismus barbatus (P. Loefling ex C. Linnaeus) A. Thellung: Common Mediterranean Grass, Mediterraneangrass, Zacate Mediterrane Comun (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from bajadas, rocky and gravelly slopes, gravelly flats and washes 1,000 to 4,000 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant; poses a significant threat to native habitat)

 

Setaria leucopila (F.L. Scribner & E.D. Merrill) J. Schumann: Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass, Streambed Bristlegrass, White-haired Bristlegrass, Zacate Tempranero (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and along washes)

 

Setaria vulpiseta (J.B. de Lamarck) J.J. Roemer & J.A. Shultes (Setaria macrostachya K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth): Assaak, Plains Bristlegrass, Xikkaa Kiix, Zacate Tempranero, Zacate Temprano (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, plains, gravelly flats, along washes and streambeds 2,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Tridens muticus (J. Torrey) G.V. Nash var. muticus: Slim Tridens, Tridente (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, hills, bajadas, plains, flats and along washes below 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Vulpia microstachys (T. Nuttall) W. Munro var. ciliata (W.J. Beal) R.I. Lonard & F.W. Gould (Festuca eastwoodiae C.V. Piper, Festuca grayi (L. Abrams) C.V. Piper): Eastwood Fescue, Gray’s Fescue, Small Fescue (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky mountainsides, rocky slopes, rocky hillsides, soil pockets on rock outcrops, streambeds and moist soils at about 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Vulpia octoflora (T. Walter) P.A. Rydberg var. hirtella (C.V. Piper) J.T. Henrard (Festuca octoflora T. Walter var. hirtella (C.V. Piper) C.V. Piper ex A.S. Hitchcock): Eight-flowered Fescue, Fescua, Hairy Sixweeks Fescue, Sixweeks Fescue (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes below 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Vulpia octoflora (T. Walter) P.A. Rydberg var. octoflora (Festuca octoflora T. Walter): Common Sixweeksgrass, Sixweeks Fescue (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, flats, along washes and streambeds below 6,500 feet elevation)

 

Polemoniaceae: The Phlox Family

 

Eriastrum diffusum (A. Gray) F. Mason: Blue Star, Miniature Starflower, Miniature Woollystar, Miniature Wool Star, Starflower, Woollystar (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, plains, gravelly flats and along washes 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Gilia stellata A.A. Heller: Star Gilia, Star Gily-flower (terrestrial winter annual herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats, along washes and sandy soil)

 

Phlox gracilis (W.J. Hooker) E.L. Greene var. gracilis (Microsteris gracilis (W.J. Hooker) E.L. Greene): Pink Annual Phlox, Slender Phlox (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from seeps, springs, streams and moist soils 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Phlox tenuifolia E. Nelson.: Desert Phlox, Santa Catalina Mountain Phlox, Vine Phlox (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet); within range reported from rocky slopes and banks of washes 1,500 to 5,000 feet elevation)

 

Polygonaceae: The Buckwheat Family

 

Eriogonum abertianum J. Torrey: Abert’s Buckwheat, Abert Wild Buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from mountains, rocky and gravelly slopes, foothills, gravelly bajadas, gravelly flats, roadsides, along washes and disturbed areas 1,500 to 7,000 feet elevation)

 

Eriogonum wrightii J. Torrey ex G Bentham var. nodosum (J.K. Small) J.L. Reveal: Bastardsage, Bastardsage, Wright Buckwheat, Wright Buckwheat Brush (terrestrial perennial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 3 feet high); within range reported from rocky and gravelly slopes and rocky banks of washes 3,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; important deer-browse plant)

 

Rumex hymenosepalus J. Torrey: Canaigra, Canaigre Dock, Desert Rhubarb, Dock; Sorrel, Wild Rhubarb (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from flats, roadsides, washes and streambeds below 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Portulacaceae: The Purselane Family

 

Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex C.L. von Wildenow: Indian Lettuce, Miner’s Lettuce (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from among boulders, springs, along brooks, streambeds and shaded moist soils 2,500 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Portulaca oleracea C. Linnaeus (Portulaca retusa G. Engelmann by Hatch et al): Common Purslane, Little Hogweed, Pursley, Pusley, Roughseed Purslane, Verdolaga, Verdolagas, Western Pulsey, Wild Portulaca (terrestrial long lived annual herb; within range reported from canyons, mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, meadows, plains, flats, streambeds and disturbed areas 4,000 to 8,500 feet elevation. EXOTIC Invasive Plant)

 

Portulaca suffrutescens G. Engelmann: Shrubby Purslane (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, sandy bajadas, plains, grasslands, desertscrub and along roadways 3,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Portulaca umbraticola K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth: Purslane, Wingpod Purslane (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported mesas, from rocky and gravelly slopes, plains, flats, damp soil in streambeds and roadsides 2,500 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Ranunculaceae: The Buttercup Family

 

Anemone tuberosa P.A. Rydberg var. tuberosa: Desert Anemone, Desert Thimbleweed, Desert Windflower, Tuber Anemone, Windflower (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, foothills and flats 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Delphinium scaposum E.L. Greene: Bare-stem Larkspur, Espuelita, Naked Delphinium, Tall Mountain Larkspur, Wild Delphinium (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from mesas, canyons, rocky slopes, hillsides, gravelly flats and along washes below 8,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Rhamnaceae: The Buckthorn Family

 

Ziziphus obtusifolia (W.J. Hooker ex J. Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray var. canescens (A. Gray) M.C. Johnston (Condalia lycioides (A. Gray) A. Weberbauer var. canescens (A. Gray) W. Trelease): Abrojo, Bachata, Barbachatas, Clepe, Garrapata, Garumbullo, Gray-leaved Abrojo, Gray-thorn, Greythorn, Gumdrop Tree, Lotebush, Palo Blanco, Southwestern Condalia, White Crucillo (terrestrial perennial shrub or small tree (to 10 feet high); within range reported from mesas, gravelly slopes, gravelly bajadas, plains, gravelly flats, along washes and streambeds and bottomlands 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Rosaceae: The Rose Family

 

Vauquelinia californica (J. Torrey) C.S. Sargent: Arizona Rosewood, Torrey Vauquelinia (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub or small tree (10 to 30 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and hillsides 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Rubiaceae: The Madder Family

 

Galium aparine C. Linnaeus: Bedstraw, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers, Goosegrass, Stickywilly (terrestrial annual herb or vine; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, springs and along washes and streams 2,000 to 8,000 feet elevation)

 

Galium mexicanum K.S. Kunth in Humbolt, Bonpland and Kunth subsp. asperinum (A. Gray) L.T. Dempster (Galium asperinum A. Gray): Mexican Bedstraw (terrestrial perennial herb or vine; within range reported from mountains, among rocks and along streeambeds 4,000 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Galium proliferum A. Gray: Bedstraw, Desert Bedstraw, Great Basin Bedstraw, Limestone Bedstraw, Spreading Bedstraw (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, ledges, rocky banks, flats and along washes 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Galium wrightii A. Gray (Galium wrightii A. Gray var. rothrockii (A. Gray) F. Ehrendorpher ex R.J. Ferris): Rothrock Bedstraw, Wright’s Bedstraw (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from mountains, slopes, among rocks and along streambeds 3,500 to 8,500 feet elevation)

 

Santalaceae: The Sandalwood Family

 

Comandra umbellata (C. Linnaeus) T. Nuttall subsp. pallida (A.L. de Condolle) M.A. Piehl) (Commandra pallida (A.L. de Condolle) M.A. Piehl): Bastard Toadflax, Pale Bastard Toadflax, Western Commandra (terrestrial perennial root parasitic herb, subshrub or shrub (to just over 1 foot high); within range reported from mountains, gravelly slopes, forests and woodlands 4,000 to 9,500 feet elevation)

 

Sapindaceae: The Soapberry Family

 

Dodonaea viscosa (N.J. von Jacquin) C. Linnaeus (Dodonaea viscosa N.J. von Jacquin var. angustifolia (C. Linnaeus f.) G. Bentham): Airia, Akeake, Chapuliztle, Cuerno de Cabra, Florida Hopbush, Granadina, Guayabillo, Hierba de la Cucaracha, Hop Bush, Jarilla, Munditos, Pirimu, Switch-sorrel, Tarachico, Varal (terrestrial perennial shrub or tree (to 12 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes and along washes 2,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; plant may have poisonous qualities)

 

Sapindus saponaria C. Linnaeus var. drummondii (W.J. Hooker & G.W. Arnott) L. Benson (Sapindus drummondii W.J. Hooker & G.W. Arnott): Amole, Amolio, Arbolillo, Cherioni, Guayul, Jaboncillo, Matamuchacho, Ojo de Loro, Palo Blanco, Soapberry, Tehuistle, Tzatzupa, Western Soapberry, Wild Chinaberry, Wild China-tree, Wing-leaf Soapberry (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (to 25 feet high); within range reported from canyons, moist soil along streams and washes and floodplains 2,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; seeds and leaves are poisonous)

 

Saxifragaceae: The Saxifrage Family

 

Heuchera sanguinea G. Engelmann: Alum Root, Coral Bells (terrestrial perennial herb, within range reported from hillsides and shaded moist rocky areas 4,000 to 8,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Scrophulariaceae: The Figwort Family

 

Castilleja tenuiflora G. Bentham (Castilleja laxa A. Gray): Santa Catalina Indian Paintbrush (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, rock ledges, chaparral, among rocks and in streambeds 4,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Cordylanthus wrightii A. Gray: Club-flower, Wright’s Bird’s Beak (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from mountains, mesas, rocky slopes, sandy plains, roadsides, along rivers and disturbed areas 5,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Mimulus guttatus A.P. de Condolle: Monkey-flower, Seep Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkey Flower (terrestrial annual or perennial herb; within range reported from moist sand in canyons, wet soil in seeps and springs, pools, along brooks and streams 500 to 9,500 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Mimulus rubellus A. Gray: Little Redstem Monkeyflower (terrestrial annual herb; within range reported from gravelly slopes, along streams in sandy and damp soils 2,000 to 7,500 feet elevation)

 

Penstemon parryi (A. Gray) A. Gray: Parry Beardtongue, Parry’s Penstemon, Wind’s Flower (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, gravelly flats, roadsides and streambeds 1,500 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Penstemon pseudospectabilis M.E. Jones var. pseudospectabilis: Arizona Penstemon, Desert Penstemon, Mohave Beardtongue, Nevada Penstemon, Rosey Desert Beardtongue (terrestrial herb, subshrub or shrub (to 4 feet); within range reported from canyons, hillsides, open land and roadsides 2,000 to 7,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Selaginellaceae: The Spike-moss Family

 

Selaginella arizonica W.R. Maxon: Arizona Selaginella, Arizona Spikemoss, Desert Spike Moss, Flor de Piedra (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from rocky slopes, rocky ledges, cliffs and soil pockets on bedrock 2,000 to 4,500 feet elevation)

 

Selaginella rupincola L.M. Underwood: Rockloving Spikemoss (terrestrial perennial herb; within range reported from dry cliffs, ledges and shallow soil on bedrock 3,000 to 6,000 feet elevation)

 

Simmondsiaceae: The Jojoba Family

 

Simmondsia chinensis (J.H. Link) C.K. Schneider: Coffee Berry, Coffee Bush, Deernut, Goat Nut, Goatnut, Gray Box Bush, Jojoba, Pignut, Quinine Plant, Sheepnut, Wild Hazel (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub (3 to 6 feet high); within range reported from canyons, rocky slopes, hillsides, bajadas and along washes 1,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental; important browse plant for wildlife including deer and bighorn sheep)

 

Solanaceae: The Potato Family

 

Lycium berlandieri M.F. Dunal: Berlandier Lycium, Berlandier’s Wolfberry, Terrac Wolfberry (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub (3 to 8 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, rocky foothills, bajadas, gravelly flats and alluvial plains 2,000 to 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Lycium fremontii A. Gray: Frémont’s Desert-thorn, Frémont Lycium, Frémont Thornbush (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub (3 to 10 feet high); within range reported from rocky slopes, bajadas and alluvial plains below 3,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental)

 

Solanum elaeagnifolium A.J. Cavanilles: Bull Nettle, Desert Nightshade, Silver Horsenettle, Silverleaf Nightshade, Trompillo, White Horsenettle (terrestrial perennial herb or subshrub; within range reported from plains, flats, roadsides, cienegas and disturbed areas 1,000 to 5,500 feet elevation)

 

Sterculiaceae: The Cacao Family

 

Ayenia filiformis S. Watson: Desert Ayenia, TransPecos Ayenia (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; within range reported from rocky slopes and flats 2,000 to 4,000 feet elevation)

 

Ulmaceae: The Elm Family

 

Celtis pallida J. Torrey: Acebuche, Bainoro, Capul, Desert Hackberry, Garabato, Garambullo, Granjeno, Huasteco, Palo de Aguila, Rompecapa, Shiny Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry (terrestrial perennial deciduous shrub or tree (3 to 18 feet high); within range reported from canyons, mesas, rocky slopes, bajadas, flats, along washes and streambeds 2,500 to 6,000 feet elevation; this plant provides excellent cover for many birds, and the fruit are eaten by many birds and small desert mammals; useful as an ornamental)

 

Viscaceae: The Christmas Mistletoe Family

(Loranthaceae: The Mistletoe Family)

 

Phoradendron californicum T. Nuttall (Phoradendron californicum T. Nuttall var. distans W. Trelease): American Mistletoe, Desert Mistletoe, Mesquite Mistletoe, Toji, Western Dwarf Mistletoe (terrestrial perennial subshrub or shrub; partial parasite observed growing on Catclaw Acacia, Foothill Paloverde, Velvet Mesquite and Whitethorn Acacia, commonly found on Acacia spp., Condalia spp., Larrea spp., Olneya spp., Parkinsonia spp., Prosopis spp., and Ziziphus spp. below 4,000 feet elevation; Phainopeplas feed on the berries and disperse the seeds to other host plants; Verdins nest in the stems; the fragrant flowers attract insects)

 

Phoradendron villosum (T. Nuttall) T. Nuttall (Phoradendron flavescens (F.T. Pursh) T. Nuttall var. villosum (T. Nuttall) G. Engelmann): Pacific Mistletoe (terrestrial subshrub or shrub; partial parasite found growing on ash (Fraxinus spp.), cottonwood (Populus fremontii), hackberry (Celtis spp.), mesquite (Prosopis spp.), sycamore (Platanus wrightii), walnut (Juglans sp.) and willow (Salix spp.))

 

Vitaceae: The Grape Family

 

Cissus trifoliata (C. Linnaeus) C. Linnaeus: Cow-itch, Hierba del Buey, Ivy Treebine, Marinevine, Sorrelvine (terrestrial vine or subshrub; within range reported from among rocks 3,000 to 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, sensite to frosts, tuber are reportedly poisonous)

 

Zygophyllaceae: The Creosote-bush Family

 

Larrea tridentata (M. Sessé y Lacasta & J.M. Mociño ex A.P. de Condolle) F.V. Coville var. tridentata (Larrea divaricata A.J. Cavanilles subsp. tridentata (M. Sessé y Lacasta & J.M. Mociño ex A.P. de Condolle) R.S. Felger & R.T. Lowe, Larrea tridentata (M. Sessé y Lacasta & J.M. Mociño ex A.P. de Condolle) F.V. Coville): Chaparral, Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Gobernadora, Guamis, Hediondilla (terrestrial perennial evergreen shrub (3 to 10 feet high); within range reported from mesas, rocky slopes, plains and gravelly flats below 5,000 feet elevation; useful as an ornamental, characteristic plant of the southwestern deserts with its distribution very closely delineating the desert regions)

 

 

ANIMALS

 

MAMMALS

 

Bovidae: Cows, Sheep and Allies

 

Ovis canadensis Shaw: Berrego Cimarron (Hispanic), Bighorn, Bighorn Sheep, Desert Bighorn, Desert Bighorn Sheep, Mountain Sheep, Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep  (feeds on agave, brittle bush, bursage, bush muhly, cacti, catclaw, cholla, coffeeberry, desert fluffgrass, desert ironwood, desert thorn, fairy duster; filaree, galleta, grama, jojoba, mesquite, mallow, Nevada joint fir, plantain, prickly-pear, ratany, ricegrass, saguaro, saltbush, threeawn and turpentine broom; found on rugged mountain pinnacles, ridges and slopes)

 

 

(1) National Geographic Arizona Seamless USGS Topographic Maps. Maps created with TOPO! R C 2002 National Geographic.

                Oro Valley, Arizona – 7.5 Minute Series Topographic 1981

                Mount Lemmon, Arizona – 15 Minute Series Topographic 1957

                Tucson North, Arizona – 7.5 Minute Series Topographic 1984

               

(2) Walker, Henry P. and Bufkin, Don, Historical Atlas of Arizona, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Page 4A and Map, 1979

 

(3) Richardson, M.L. and Miller, M.L., United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service in cooperation with The Pima County Natural Resource Conservation District, Report ands interpretations for the General Soil Map of Pima County, Arizona and General Soil Map Pima County Arizona, March 1974

 

(4) Brown, David E., Biotic Communities of the American Southwest – United States and Mexico, Desert Plants, Volume 4, Numbers 1-4, Published by the University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum, 1982, and associated map: Brown, David E. and Lowe, Charles H., Biotic Communities of the Southwest, August 1980, General Technical Report RM-78, United Stated Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Revised June 1983

 

(5) Nomenclature generally follows that presented by The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden (BONAP) with A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Full Index 1998.

http://www.bonap.org/

http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/b98/check98.htm

 

 (6) Growth habits generally coincide with that given by the National Plants Database: USDA, NRCS. 2004. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA

 

 

Literature, References and Web Sites Cited, Consulted and Visited for Listings

 

*Arizona Game and Fish Department, Arizona’s Natural Heritage Program: Heritage Data Management System (HDMS)

http://www.gf.state.az.us/w_c/edits/species_concern.shtml

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*Barnes, Will C. 1988. Arizona Place Names, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona

*Benson, Lyman. 1981. The Cacti of Arizona, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

*Benson, Lyman and Robert A. Darrow. 1981. Trees and Shrubs of the Southwestern Deserts, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

*The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden (BONAP) with A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Full Index 1998.

http://www.bonap.org/

http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/b98/check98.htm

*Biota Information System of New Mexico, New Mexico Game and Fish (BISON-M)

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*Bowers, Janice E. and Steven P. McLaughlin. 1987.  Flora and Vegetation of the Rincon Mountains, Pima County, Arizona, Desert Plants, Volume 8, Number 2.

*Bowers, J.E., and R.M. Turner. 1985. A Revised Vascular Flora of Tumamoc Hill.

*Breitung, August J., The Agaves, The Cactus and Succulent Journal 1968 Yearbook, Abbey Garden Press, Reseda, California.

*Brenzel, Kathleen N. 2001. Sunset Western Garden Book,  Sunset Publishing Corporation, Menlo Park, California.

*Brown, David E. 1982. Biotic Communities of the American Southwest – United States and Mexico, Desert Plants, Volume 4, Numbers 1-4, Published by the University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum, and associated map: Brown, David E. and Lowe, Charles H., Biotic Communities of the Southwest, August 1980, General Technical Report RM-78, United Stated Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station Revised June 1983.

*Catalogue of New World Grasses

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*Especies Forestales No Maderables - Indices

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*Kearney, Thomas K. and Robert H. Peebles. 1951. with Supplement 1960. Arizona Flora, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, California.

*Laymon, Stephen A. Paper: Yellow-billed Cuckoo.

*Lellinger, David B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

*Little, Elbert L. 1980. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees – Western Region, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, New York.

*Lowe, Charles H. 1964. The Vertebrates of Arizona with Major Section on Arizona Habitats, The University of Arizona Press.

*Maus, Kathryn. September 2002. Checklist for the Plants of the West Branch of the Santa Cruz, Tucson, Arizona.

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*Maus, Kathryn. 12 October 2001. Plants of the West Branch of the Santa Cruz River, Arid Lands Resource Sciences, University of Arizona.

*McLaughlin, Steven P. July 18, 1990. Flora of Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge (including Arivaca Cienega), Office of Arid Land Studies, University of Arizona.

*Milne, Lorus and Margery. 1980. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Insects and Spiders, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, New York.

*Minckly, W. L. 1973. Fishes of Arizona, Sims Printing Company, Inc., Phoenix, Arizona.

*Missouriplants.com

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*National Geographic Arizona Seamless USGS Topographic Maps

*National Plants Database: USDA, NRCS. 2004. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5, National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

http://plants.usda.gov

*Native Grasses from South Texas, Texas A&M University System, Agricultural Program.

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*Olin, George. 1982. Mammals of the Southwest Deserts, Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.

*Owensby, Clenton. 2002. Line Drawings of Kansas Grasses

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*Page, Lawrence M. and Brooks M. Burr. 1991. A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes – North America North of Mexico, Peterson Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

*Parker, Kittie F. 1982. An Illustrated Guide to Arizona Weeds, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

*Peterson, Roger Tory. 1961. A Field Guide to Western Birds, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

*Pima Community College – Desert Ecology of Tucson, Arizona

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*Pima County Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan Threatened and Endangered Species

http://www.pima.gov/cmo/sdcp/sdcp2/fsheets/facts.html

*Ransom, Jay Ellis. 1981. Harper and Row’s Complete Field Guide to North American Wildlife, Western Edition, Harper and Row, New York, New York.

*Raven, Peter H., Ray F. Evert and Helena Curtis. 1976 Biology of Plants, Second Edition,Worth Publishers, Inc.

*Richardson, M.L. and M.L. Miller. March 1974. United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service in cooperation with The Pima County Natural Resource Conservation District, Report ands interpretations for the General Soil Map of Pima County, Arizona and General Soil Map Pima County Arizona.

*Rondeau, Renee, Thomas R. Van Devender, C. David Bertelson, Philip Jenkins, Rebecca K. Wilson, Mark A. Dimmitt. December, 1996. Annotated Flora of the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona, Desert Plants, Volume 12, Number 2..

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*Rosen, Philip C. 15 October 2001. Biological Values of the West Branch of the Santa Cruz River, With an Outline for a Potential River Park or Reserve.

*Rosenberg, Gary H. and Russel, Ruth. 1999. Checklist of North American Birds United States and Canada Including Hawaii 2000, Tucson Audubon Society.

*School of Botanical Medicine - Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Arizona (excluding grasses and their allies

http://www.ibiblio.org/london/alternative-healthcare/Southwest-School-of-Botanical-Medicine/HOMEPAGE/Floras/AZchklst.txt

*Southeast Arizona Butterfly Association (SEABA), Plant List - SEABA’s Butterfly Garden at the Tucson Audubon Society’s Mason Center

http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabasa/home.html

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http://seinet.asu.edu/collections/selection.jsp?cat=plantae

*Spellenberg, Richard. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers – Western Region, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, New York.

*Stebbins, Robert C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Peterson Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

*Texas Native Shrubs

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*Thornber, J.J. 1909. Vegetation Groups in the Desert Laboratory Domain, Professor of Botany in the Arizona Experiment Station.

*Tohono Chul Park, Field Checklist of Birds, Tucson, Arizona.

*Tucson Metropolitan Street Atlas 2005 Edition. Wide World of Maps, Inc., Phoenix, Arizona

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*Turner, Raymond M., Janice E. Bowers and Tony L. Burgess. 1995. Sonoran Desert Plants An Ecological Atlas, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

*Tuttle, Merlin D. 1988. America’s Neighborhood Bats, University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

*Udvardy, Miklos D.F. 1977. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds Western Region, Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, New York.

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*University of Michigan, Animal Diversity Web http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

*Walker, Henry P. and Don Bufkin. 1979. Historical Atlas of Arizona, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Page 4A and Map.

*Walters, James W. A Guide to Forest Insect and Disease Management pf Southwestern Conifers, United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.

*Whitaker, John O., Jr. 1996. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mammals, Alfred A. Knopf, New York,  New York.

*Whitson, Tom D., Larry C. Burrill, Steven A. Dewey, David W. Cudney, B.E. Nelson, Richard D. Lee, Robert Parker. 1996. Weeds of the West, Pioneer of Jackson Hole, Jackson, Wyoming.